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Open AccessArticle

Τhe Complete Mitochondrial Genome of Bactrocera carambolae (Diptera: Tephritidae): Genome Description and Phylogenetic Implications

1
Department of Genetics, Development and Molecular Biology, School of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
2
Consultant, retired from Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries, Carambola fruit fly project, Damboentong 282, Tijgerkreek, Saramacca, Suriname
3
Center for Insect Systematics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia
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Insect Pest Control Laboratory, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, Seibersdorf, A-1400Vienna, Austria
5
Biology Department, University of Patras, 26504 Patras, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Present address: Department of Plant Protection, Institute of Industrial and Forage Crops, Hellenic Agricultural Organization—Demeter, 26442 Patras, Greece.
Insects 2019, 10(12), 429; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10120429
Received: 11 November 2019 / Revised: 15 November 2019 / Accepted: 21 November 2019 / Published: 28 November 2019
Bactrocera carambolae is one of the approximately 100 sibling species of the Bactrocera dorsalis complex and considered to be very closely related to B. dorsalis. Due to their high morphological similarity and overlapping distribution, as well as to their economic impact and quarantine status, the development of reliable markers for species delimitation between the two taxa is of great importance. Here we present the complete mitochondrial genome of B. carambolae sourced from its native range in Malaysia and its invaded territory in Suriname. The mitogenome of B. carambolae presents the typical organization of an insect mitochondrion. Comparisons of the analyzed B. carambolae sequences to all available complete mitochondrial sequences of B. dorsalis revealed several species-specific polymorphic sites. Phylogenetic analysis based on Bactrocera mitogenomes supports that B. carambolae is a differentiated taxon though closely related to B. dorsalis. The present complete mitochondrial sequences of B. carambolae could be used, in the frame of Integrative Taxonomy, for species discrimination and resolution of the phylogenetic relationships within this taxonomically challenging complex, which would facilitate the application of species-specific population suppression strategies, such as the sterile insect technique.
Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis species complex; Carambola fruit fly; mitogenome; nucleotide polymorphisms; species delimitation; sterile insect technique Bactrocera dorsalis species complex; Carambola fruit fly; mitogenome; nucleotide polymorphisms; species delimitation; sterile insect technique
MDPI and ACS Style

Drosopoulou, E.; Syllas, A.; Goutakoli, P.; Zisiadis, G.-A.; Konstantinou, T.; Pangea, D.; Sentis, G.; van Sauers-Muller, A.; Wee, S.-L.; Augustinos, A.A.; Zacharopoulou, A.; Bourtzis, K. Τhe Complete Mitochondrial Genome of Bactrocera carambolae (Diptera: Tephritidae): Genome Description and Phylogenetic Implications. Insects 2019, 10, 429.

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