A printed edition of this Special Issue is available at MDPI Books....
X-ray Shaping of Planetary Nebulae
Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, IAA-CSIC, 18080 Granada, Spain
Galaxies 2018, 6(3), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/galaxies6030098
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 3 September 2018 / Accepted: 4 September 2018 / Published: 11 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Asymmetric Planetary Nebulae VII)
The stellar winds of the central stars of planetary nebulae play an essential role in the shaping of planetary nebulae. In the interacting stellar winds model, the fast stellar wind injects energy and momentum, which are transferred to the nebular envelope through an X-ray-emitting hot bubble. Together with other physical processes, such as the ionization of the nebular envelope, the asymmetrical mass-loss in the asymptotic giant branch (AGB), and the action of collimated outflows and magnetic fields, the pressurized hot gas determines the expansion and evolution of planetary nebulae. Chandra and XMM-Newton have provided us with detailed information of this hot gas. Here in this talk I will review our current understanding of the effects of the fast stellar wind in the shaping and evolution of planetary nebulae and give some hints of the promising future of this research. View Full-Text►▼ Show Figures
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
MDPI and ACS Style
Guerrero, M.A. X-ray Shaping of Planetary Nebulae. Galaxies 2018, 6, 98.
AMA StyleShow more citation formats Show less citations formats
Guerrero MA. X-ray Shaping of Planetary Nebulae. Galaxies. 2018; 6(3):98.Chicago/Turabian Style
Guerrero, Martín A. 2018. "X-ray Shaping of Planetary Nebulae." Galaxies 6, no. 3: 98.
Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.