Sentiment analysis to characterize the properties of Bitcoin prices and their forecasting is here developed thanks to the capability of the Fuzzy Transform (F-transform for short) to capture stylized facts and mutual connections between time series with different natures. The recently proposed Lp
-norm F-transform is a powerful and flexible methodology for data analysis, non-parametric smoothing and for fitting and forecasting. Its capabilities are illustrated by empirical analyses concerning Bitcoin prices and Google Trend scores (six years of daily data): we apply the (inverse) F-transform to both time series and, using clustering techniques, we identify stylized facts for Bitcoin prices, based on (local) smoothing and fitting F-transform, and we study their time evolution in terms of a transition matrix. Finally, we examine the dependence of Bitcoin prices on Google Trend scores and we estimate short-term forecasting models; the Diebold–Mariano (DM) test statistics, applied for their significance, shows that sentiment analysis is useful in short-term forecasting of Bitcoin cryptocurrency.
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