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Water 2017, 9(8), 555; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9080555

Comparing the Spectroscopic and Molecular Characteristics of Different Dissolved Organic Matter Fractions Isolated by Hydrophobic and Anionic Exchange Resins Using Fluorescence Spectroscopy and FT-ICR-MS

Department of Environment and Energy, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Korea
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Received: 13 June 2017 / Revised: 18 July 2017 / Accepted: 20 July 2017 / Published: 25 July 2017
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Abstract

Despite the environmental significance of dissolved organic matter (DOM), characterizing DOM is still challenging due to its structural complexity and heterogeneity. In this study, three different chemical fractions, including hydrophobic acid (HPOA), transphilic acid (TPIA), and hydrophilic neutral and base (HPIN/B) fractions, were separated from bulk aquatic DOM samples, and their spectral features and the chemical composition at the molecular level were compared using both fluorescence excitation emission matrix-parallel factor analysis (EEM-PARAFAC) and Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS). The HPIN/B fraction was distinguished from the two acidic fractions (i.e., HPOA and TPIA) by the EEM-PARAFAC, while the TPIA fraction was discriminated by using the molecular parameters derived from the FT-ICR MS analyses. Statistical comparison suggests that the spectral dissimilarity among the three chemical fractions might result from the acido-basic properties of DOM samples, while the differences in molecular composition were more likely to be affected by the hydrophobicity of the DOM fractions. The non-metric multidimensional scaling map further revealed that the HPOA was the most heterogeneous among the three fractions. The number of overlapping formulas among the three chemical fractions constituted only <5% of all identified formulas, and those between two different fractions ranged from 2.0% to 24.1%, implying relatively homogeneous properties of the individual chemical fractions with respect to molecular composition. Although employing chemical fractionation achieved a lowering of the DOM heterogeneity, prevalent signatures of either acido-basic property or the hydrophobic nature of DOM on the characteristics of three chemical isolated fractions were not found for this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquatic dissolved organic matter; resin fractionation; hydrophobicity; FT-ICR-MS; EEM-PARAFAC aquatic dissolved organic matter; resin fractionation; hydrophobicity; FT-ICR-MS; EEM-PARAFAC
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Derrien, M.; Lee, Y.K.; Hur, J. Comparing the Spectroscopic and Molecular Characteristics of Different Dissolved Organic Matter Fractions Isolated by Hydrophobic and Anionic Exchange Resins Using Fluorescence Spectroscopy and FT-ICR-MS. Water 2017, 9, 555.

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