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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Electrical Stimulation on the Degradation of Azo Dye in Three-Dimensional Biofilm Electrode Reactors

School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
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Academic Editor: José Manuel Poyatos
Water 2017, 9(5), 301; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9050301
Received: 22 March 2017 / Revised: 17 April 2017 / Accepted: 20 April 2017 / Published: 25 April 2017
Three-dimensional biofilm electrode reactors (3D-BERs) were constructed to degrade the azo dye Reactive Brilliant Red (RBR) X-3B. The 3D-BERs with different influent concentrations and external voltages were individually studied to investigate their influence on the removal of X-3B. Experimental results showed that 3D-BERs have good X-3B removal efficiency; even when the influent concentration was 800 mg/L, removal efficiency of 73.4% was still achieved. In addition, the X-3B removal efficiency stabilized shortly after the influent concentration increased. In 3D-BERs, the average X-3B removal efficiency increased from 52.8% to 85.4% when the external voltage rose from 0 to 2 V. We further identified the intermediate products via UV-Vis and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analyses, and discussed the potential mechanism of degradation. After the conjugate structure of X-3B was destroyed, all of the substances generated mainly consisted of lower-molecular-weight organics. View Full-Text
Keywords: three-dimensional biofilm electrode reactors; azo dye; electrical stimulation; mechanism of degradation three-dimensional biofilm electrode reactors; azo dye; electrical stimulation; mechanism of degradation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cao, X.; Li, X.; Wang, H.; Zhang, J.; Fang, Z.; Li, X. Effects of Electrical Stimulation on the Degradation of Azo Dye in Three-Dimensional Biofilm Electrode Reactors. Water 2017, 9, 301.

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