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Water 2017, 9(11), 881; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9110881

Multi-Level Contact Oxidation Process Performance When Treating Automobile Painting Wastewater: Pollutant Removal Efficiency and Microbial Community Structures

1
School of Mechanical Engineering & Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
2
BMW Brilliance Automotive Ltd., Shenyang 100044, China
3
Liaoning Provincial Machinery Research Institute Co., Ltd., Shenyang 110032, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 September 2017 / Revised: 29 October 2017 / Accepted: 9 November 2017 / Published: 11 November 2017
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Abstract

This study applied a multi-level contact oxidation process system in a pilot-scale experiment to treat automobile painting wastewater. The experimental wastewater had been pre-treated through a series of physicochemical methods, but the water still contained a high concentration of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and had poor biodegradability. After the biological treatment, the COD concentration of effluent could stay below 300 mg/L. The study analyzed the effects of hydraulic residence time (HRT) on COD, ammonia nitrogen (NH4+-N), and total nitrogen (TN). The optimal HRT was 8 h; at that time, removal efficiencies of COD, ammonia nitrogen, and total nitrogen were 83.8%, 86.3%, and 65%, respectively. The system also greatly reduced excess sludge production; the removal efficiency was 82.8% with a HRT of 8 h. The study applied high-throughput pyrosequencing technology to evaluate the microbial diversity and community structures in distinct stages of the biological reactor. The relevance between process performance and microbial community structure was analyzed at the phylum and class level. The abundant Firmicutes made a large contribution to improving the biodegradability of painting wastewater through hydrolysis acidification and reducing sludge production through fermentation in the biological reactor. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-level contact oxidation process; painting wastewater treatment; process performance; microbial community; high-throughput pyrosequencing multi-level contact oxidation process; painting wastewater treatment; process performance; microbial community; high-throughput pyrosequencing
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Zhu, Y.; Zhu, T.; Groetzbach, M.; Han, H.; Ma, Y. Multi-Level Contact Oxidation Process Performance When Treating Automobile Painting Wastewater: Pollutant Removal Efficiency and Microbial Community Structures. Water 2017, 9, 881.

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