Next Article in Journal
Comparing Two Operating Configurations in a Full-Scale Arsenic Removal Plant. Case Study: Guatemala
Next Article in Special Issue
Framing Scenarios of Binational Water Policy with a Tool to Visualize, Quantify and Valuate Changes in Ecosystem Services
Previous Article in Journal
Decision Support Systems for Water Resources Management in Developing Countries: Learning from Experiences in Africa
Previous Article in Special Issue
Science to Support Management of Receiving Waters in an Event-Driven Ecosystem: From Land to River to Sea
Article

On the Vulnerability of Water Limited Ecosystems to Climate Change

1
School of Engineering, University of Basilicata, via dell'Ateneo Lucano, 10, Potenza 85100, Italy
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Princeton University, E-Quad Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2013, 5(2), 819-833; https://doi.org/10.3390/w5020819
Received: 25 April 2013 / Revised: 6 June 2013 / Accepted: 13 June 2013 / Published: 21 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecological Watershed Management)
Society is facing growing environmental problems that require new research efforts to understand the way ecosystems operate and survive, and their mutual relationships with the hydrologic cycle. In this respect, ecohydrology suggests a renewed interdisciplinary approach that aims to provide a better comprehension of the effects of climatic changes on terrestrial ecosystems. With this aim, a coupled hydrological/ecological model is adopted to describe simultaneously vegetation pattern evolution and hydrological water budget at the basin scale using as test site the Upper Rio Salado basin (Sevilleta, NM, USA). The hydrological analyses have been carried out using a recently formulated framework for the water balance at the daily level linked with a spatial model for the description of the spatial organization of vegetation. This enables quantitatively assessing the effects on soil water availability on future climatic scenarios. Results highlighted that the relationship between climatic forcing (water availability) and vegetation patterns is strongly non-linear. This implies, under some specific conditions which depend on the ecosystem characteristics, small changes in climatic conditions may produce significant transformation of the vegetation patterns. View Full-Text
Keywords: vegetation patterns; cellular automata model; vegetation water stress; landscape metrics vegetation patterns; cellular automata model; vegetation water stress; landscape metrics
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Manfreda, S.; Caylor, K.K. On the Vulnerability of Water Limited Ecosystems to Climate Change. Water 2013, 5, 819-833. https://doi.org/10.3390/w5020819

AMA Style

Manfreda S, Caylor KK. On the Vulnerability of Water Limited Ecosystems to Climate Change. Water. 2013; 5(2):819-833. https://doi.org/10.3390/w5020819

Chicago/Turabian Style

Manfreda, Salvatore, and Kelly K. Caylor 2013. "On the Vulnerability of Water Limited Ecosystems to Climate Change" Water 5, no. 2: 819-833. https://doi.org/10.3390/w5020819

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop