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Article

Wave Climate and Trends for the Marine Experimental Station of Capo Tirone Based on a 70-Year-Long Hindcast Dataset

1
National Research Council of Italy, Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (CNR-ISAC), Zona Industriale Comparto 15, 88046 Lamezia Terme, CZ, Italy
2
Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Calabria, Via Pietro Bucci, 87036 Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Salvador García-Ayllón Veintimilla, Daniela Pantusa, Giuseppe Roberto Tomasicchio, Mario Maiolo and Felice D’Alessandro
Water 2022, 14(2), 163; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020163
Received: 23 November 2021 / Revised: 15 December 2021 / Accepted: 24 December 2021 / Published: 8 January 2022
Nearshore marine systems provide multiple economic and ecological services to human communities. Several studies addressing the climate change stressors and the inappropriate use of the sea indicate a decline of coastal areas. An extensive monitoring of the most important marine sites and protected areas is crucial to design effective environmental-friendly measures to support the sustainable development of coastal regions. A 70-year-long wave climate analysis is presented to study the climatology of the area belonging to the Marine Experimental Station of Capo Tirone, Italy. The analysis is based on the global atmospheric reanalysis developed by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, validated through an observed buoy dataset recorded by the Italian Sea Wave Measurement Network. No significant long-term trends have been detected. The need to set up new monitoring stations has been pointed out by means of a hydrodynamic model developed at the regional scale, evaluating the effect of the local morphology on the nearshore wave climate and highlighting the importance of surveying the marine protected area of Capo Tirone located therein. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; Tyrrhenian Sea; wave climate; field monitoring; marine experimental station; mathematical modeling climate change; Tyrrhenian Sea; wave climate; field monitoring; marine experimental station; mathematical modeling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lo Feudo, T.; Mel, R.A.; Sinopoli, S.; Maiolo, M. Wave Climate and Trends for the Marine Experimental Station of Capo Tirone Based on a 70-Year-Long Hindcast Dataset. Water 2022, 14, 163. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020163

AMA Style

Lo Feudo T, Mel RA, Sinopoli S, Maiolo M. Wave Climate and Trends for the Marine Experimental Station of Capo Tirone Based on a 70-Year-Long Hindcast Dataset. Water. 2022; 14(2):163. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020163

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lo Feudo, Teresa, Riccardo A. Mel, Salvatore Sinopoli, and Mario Maiolo. 2022. "Wave Climate and Trends for the Marine Experimental Station of Capo Tirone Based on a 70-Year-Long Hindcast Dataset" Water 14, no. 2: 163. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020163

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