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Roadmapping the Transition to Water Resource Recovery Facilities: The Two Demonstration Case Studies of Corleone and Marineo (Italy)

1
Department of Engineering, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo, Italy
2
Department of Agricultural, Food and Forest Science, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marisa Almeida
Water 2022, 14(2), 156; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020156
Received: 2 December 2021 / Revised: 23 December 2021 / Accepted: 31 December 2021 / Published: 7 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Wastewater Treatment and Reuse)
The current exploitation of freshwater, as well as the significant increase in sewage sludge production from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), represent nowadays a critical issue for the implementation of sustainable development consistent with the circular economy concept. There is an urgent need to rethink the concept of WWTPs from the conventional approach consisting in pollutant removal plants to water resource recovery facilities (WRRFs). The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the demonstration case studies at the Marineo and Corleone WRRFs in Sicily (IT), with the final aim showing the effectiveness of the resources recovery systems, as well as the importance of plant optimization to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from WRRFs. This study is part of the H2020 European Project “Achieving wider uptake of water-smart solutions—Wider-Uptake”, which final aim is to demonstrate the water-smart solution feasibility in the wastewater sector. The main project goal is to overcome the existing barriers that hamper the transition to circularity through the implementation of a governance analysis tool. The preliminary actions in the two demonstration cases are first presented, while, subsequently, the water-smart solutions to be implemented are thoroughly described, highlighting their roles in the transition process. The achieved preliminary results underlined the significant potential of WRRF application, a great chance to demonstrate the feasibility of innovative solutions in the wastewater sector to overcome the existing social, administrative and technical barriers. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; wastewater treatment; water resource circular economy; wastewater treatment; water resource
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mannina, G.; Badalucco, L.; Barbara, L.; Cosenza, A.; Di Trapani, D.; Laudicina, V.A.; Muscarella, S.M.; Presti, D. Roadmapping the Transition to Water Resource Recovery Facilities: The Two Demonstration Case Studies of Corleone and Marineo (Italy). Water 2022, 14, 156. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020156

AMA Style

Mannina G, Badalucco L, Barbara L, Cosenza A, Di Trapani D, Laudicina VA, Muscarella SM, Presti D. Roadmapping the Transition to Water Resource Recovery Facilities: The Two Demonstration Case Studies of Corleone and Marineo (Italy). Water. 2022; 14(2):156. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020156

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mannina, Giorgio, Luigi Badalucco, Lorenzo Barbara, Alida Cosenza, Daniele Di Trapani, Vito A. Laudicina, Sofia M. Muscarella, and Dario Presti. 2022. "Roadmapping the Transition to Water Resource Recovery Facilities: The Two Demonstration Case Studies of Corleone and Marineo (Italy)" Water 14, no. 2: 156. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020156

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