Next Article in Journal
Prediction of Groundwater Arsenic Hazard Employing Geostatistical Modelling for the Ganga Basin, India
Previous Article in Journal
Unsteady Friction Modeling Technique for Lagrangian Approaches in Transient Simulations
 
 
Review

Research Progress on Integrated Treatment Technologies of Rural Domestic Sewage: A Review

Agro-Environmental Protection Institute, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Tianjin 300191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paola Verlicchi
Water 2022, 14(15), 2439; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152439
Received: 27 June 2022 / Revised: 31 July 2022 / Accepted: 3 August 2022 / Published: 6 August 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Wastewater Treatment and Reuse)
The improvement of rural living standards in developing countries and the continuous upgrading of the rural industrial economy have prompted the diversification of rural areas and residential forms. Thus, an integrated rural sewage treatment process has gradually become the mainstream technology for rural sewage treatment. Numerous studies have reported the effects of ecological wastewater treatment. Meanwhile, the relevant process technologies, evaluations, and operating models of the integrated rural sewage treatment process have yet to be thoroughly summarized. This review aims to fill these gaps. First, the applicability of artificial wetland, soil infiltration, stabilization pond, and integrated rural sewage treatment process technology in rural sewage treatment are outlined and compared. Second, the process flow, technical characteristics, and economic indicators of typical integrated sewage treatment processes (i.e., Anoxic/Oxic (A/O) process, Membrane Bio-Reactor (MBR) process, biological contact oxidation process, Sequencing Batch Reactor Activated Sludge (SBR) process) are introduced. The engineering application effects of the integrated rural sewage treatment process in different countries are also described. Third, the practical and effective evaluation methods of the integrated rural sewage treatment process are introduced. Bearing in mind the current operation and maintenance management modes of the integrated rural sewage treatment process in developed and developing countries, combined with the national conditions of developing countries, the prospect section provides development proposals for further optimization and improvement of the integrated rural sewage treatment process in developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural domestic sewage; integrated treatment technologies; research progress rural domestic sewage; integrated treatment technologies; research progress
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, P.; Zhao, W.; Chen, D.; Huang, Z.; Zhang, C.; Zheng, X. Research Progress on Integrated Treatment Technologies of Rural Domestic Sewage: A Review. Water 2022, 14, 2439. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152439

AMA Style

Chen P, Zhao W, Chen D, Huang Z, Zhang C, Zheng X. Research Progress on Integrated Treatment Technologies of Rural Domestic Sewage: A Review. Water. 2022; 14(15):2439. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152439

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Peizhen, Wenjie Zhao, Dongkai Chen, Zhiping Huang, Chunxue Zhang, and Xiangqun Zheng. 2022. "Research Progress on Integrated Treatment Technologies of Rural Domestic Sewage: A Review" Water 14, no. 15: 2439. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152439

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop