Next Article in Journal
Revealing the Coral Species Diversity in Xiamen Bay: Spatial Distribution of Genus Astrogorgia (Cnidaria, Alcyonacea, Plexauridae) and Newly Recorded Species
Previous Article in Journal
A Machine Learning-Based Surrogate Model for the Identification of Risk Zones Due to Off-Stream Reservoir Failure
Previous Article in Special Issue
Mercury Accumulation in a Stream Ecosystem: Linking Labile Mercury in Sediment Porewaters to Bioaccumulative Mercury in Trophic Webs
 
 
Review

Climate Change Implications for Metal and Metalloid Dynamics in Aquatic Ecosystems and its Context within the Decade of Ocean Sciences

1
Laboratório de Avaliação e Promoção da Saúde Ambiental, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Avenida Brasil, 4.365, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro 21040-360, Brazil
2
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba 81531-980, Brazil
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marina Marcella Manca, Roberta Piscia and Laura Marziali
Water 2022, 14(15), 2415; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152415
Received: 29 June 2022 / Revised: 29 July 2022 / Accepted: 31 July 2022 / Published: 4 August 2022
Anthropogenic activities are affecting marine ecosystems, notably coastal ones, in multiple ways and at increasing rates, leading to habitat degradation, loss of biodiversity, and greater exposure of flora and fauna to chemical contaminants, with serious effects on ocean health. Chemical pollution, in particular, is a significant negative stressor for aquatic ecosystems, both oceanic and coastal, and has recently been identified as a priority for conservation efforts. Metals and metalloids, in particular, present environmental persistence, bioavailability, tendency to bioaccumulate along the trophic chain, and potential toxic effects. However, the current scenario of climate change is increasingly affecting the aquatic environment, altering water mass flows and the transport of pollutants, aggravating toxic effects and ecological risks. Moreover, although traditional sources of contamination have been studied for decades, many knowledge gaps persist, in addition to the emerging effects of climate change that are still poorly studied. In this regard, this review aims to discuss climate change implications for metal and metalloid dynamics in aquatic ecosystems and its context within the Decade of Ocean Sciences. We also discuss how an increasing interest in plastic pollution has led to contamination by metals and metalloids being neglected, requiring mutual efforts to move forward in the understating of the negative and often lethal impacts of this type of pollutants, thus aiming at prioritizing contamination by metals and metalloids not just in the oceans, but in all water bodies. View Full-Text
Keywords: United Nations; ocean conservancy; pollution; physiology; policy United Nations; ocean conservancy; pollution; physiology; policy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Hauser-Davis, R.A.; Wosnick, N. Climate Change Implications for Metal and Metalloid Dynamics in Aquatic Ecosystems and its Context within the Decade of Ocean Sciences. Water 2022, 14, 2415. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152415

AMA Style

Hauser-Davis RA, Wosnick N. Climate Change Implications for Metal and Metalloid Dynamics in Aquatic Ecosystems and its Context within the Decade of Ocean Sciences. Water. 2022; 14(15):2415. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152415

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hauser-Davis, Rachel Ann, and Natascha Wosnick. 2022. "Climate Change Implications for Metal and Metalloid Dynamics in Aquatic Ecosystems and its Context within the Decade of Ocean Sciences" Water 14, no. 15: 2415. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152415

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop