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Article

Potable Water Treatment in a Batch Reactor Benefited by Combined Filtration and Catalytic Ozonation

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Institute of Environmental Engineering & Research, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore 54890, Pakistan
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Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Hafr Al Batin, P.O. Box 1803, Hafr Al Batin 39524, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Chemistry, University of Management and Technology, Johar Town, Lahore 54770, Pakistan
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Renewable Energy Research Center, Fukushima Renewable Energy Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, AIST, 2-2-9 Machiikedai, Fukushima, Koriyama 963-0298, Japan
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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Hafr Al-Batin, P.O. Box 1803, Hafr Al-Batin 31991, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Hafr Al Batin, P.O. Box 1803, Hafr Al Batin 31991, Saudi Arabia
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexandre T. Paulino
Water 2022, 14(15), 2357; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152357
Received: 30 June 2022 / Revised: 16 July 2022 / Accepted: 27 July 2022 / Published: 30 July 2022
Due to continuous contamination of groundwater by anthropogenic activities, potable water fetches numerous pollutants such as pathogens, pharmaceuticals, and heavy metals, with these being severe health hazards. The main aim of the current study was to develop a hybrid unit based on catalytic ozonation and the filtration process to effectively remove the contaminants in drinking water. To the best of our knowledge, in the current study, the Fe-Zeolite 4A (Fe-Z4A)/O3 process followed by filtration involving rice husk and activated carbons were studied for the first time in order to treat drinking water. In the current investigation, fecal coliforms, arsenic, pharmaceuticals, turbidity, and TDS removal were investigated in a novel hybrid reactor. The results showed 100%, 45%, 40%, 70%, and 95% fecal coliform, arsenic, TDS, paracetamol, and turbidity removal efficiency, respectively. The results further indicated that all the studied drinking water samples followed WHO guidelines and NEQS for drinking water quality after the proposed treatment. Therefore, it is concluded that the proposed hybrid process implies a single unit is highly efficient for drinking water treatment. The designed novel hybrid reactor treatment can be scaled up in the future for household or commercial use. View Full-Text
Keywords: catalytic ozonation; water treatment; zeolites; activated carbon catalytic ozonation; water treatment; zeolites; activated carbon
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ikhlaq, A.; Qazi, U.Y.; Akram, A.; Rizvi, O.S.; Sultan, A.; Javaid, R.; Al-Sodani, K.A.A.; Ibn Shamsah, S.M. Potable Water Treatment in a Batch Reactor Benefited by Combined Filtration and Catalytic Ozonation. Water 2022, 14, 2357. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152357

AMA Style

Ikhlaq A, Qazi UY, Akram A, Rizvi OS, Sultan A, Javaid R, Al-Sodani KAA, Ibn Shamsah SM. Potable Water Treatment in a Batch Reactor Benefited by Combined Filtration and Catalytic Ozonation. Water. 2022; 14(15):2357. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152357

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ikhlaq, Amir, Umair Yaqub Qazi, Asia Akram, Osama Shaheen Rizvi, Adeel Sultan, Rahat Javaid, Khaled A. Alawi Al-Sodani, and Sami M. Ibn Shamsah. 2022. "Potable Water Treatment in a Batch Reactor Benefited by Combined Filtration and Catalytic Ozonation" Water 14, no. 15: 2357. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152357

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