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Article

Multitemporal Scenic Evaluation of Urban Coastal Sites: A Peruvian Case Study

1
Coastal Ecosystems of Peru Research Group, Universidad Científica del Sur, Lima 15842, Peru
2
Grupo de Investigación en Sistemas Costeros, Playas Corporation Ltda, Santa Marta 050022, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pankaj Kumar
Water 2022, 14(15), 2336; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152336
Received: 8 June 2022 / Revised: 17 July 2022 / Accepted: 24 July 2022 / Published: 28 July 2022
Along the coast of Peru, intensive urbanization and tourism development were related to coastal scenery deterioration. This investigation carried out a scenery evaluation of 20 urban beaches from the “Circuito de Playas de la Costa Verde” (CPCV), a key beach corridor in Lima (Peru). For this purpose, the Coastal Scenic Evaluation System (CSES) was applied in three different seasons, using fuzzy logic to reduce observer subjectivity and estimate the Evaluation index (D). A total of 26 parameters were evaluated to estimate the D value during summer 2020, winter 2020, and summer 2021, to determine the temporal variability of the landscape of an urban coastal sector, such as the CPCV. The results show that all evaluated beaches are classified as very unattractive sites (Class V). Additionally, no significant differences were found between seasons but between beaches. Litter and disturbance factors (noise) were the main human parameters that had low and variable scores during assessments and influenced the D index value estimate. This scenery assessment proposes further implementations of new beach management strategies and actions focusing on landscaping and conserving coastal ecosystems. Strengthening monitoring to reduce noise and litter disturbance and promoting environmentally friendly coastal usage are vital aspects that must be implemented. View Full-Text
Keywords: beach management; beach evaluation; coastal scenery; CSES; Costa Verde beach management; beach evaluation; coastal scenery; CSES; Costa Verde
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lizarbe-Palacios, M.; Aponte, H.; Botero, C.M. Multitemporal Scenic Evaluation of Urban Coastal Sites: A Peruvian Case Study. Water 2022, 14, 2336. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152336

AMA Style

Lizarbe-Palacios M, Aponte H, Botero CM. Multitemporal Scenic Evaluation of Urban Coastal Sites: A Peruvian Case Study. Water. 2022; 14(15):2336. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152336

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lizarbe-Palacios, Mary, Héctor Aponte, and Camilo M. Botero. 2022. "Multitemporal Scenic Evaluation of Urban Coastal Sites: A Peruvian Case Study" Water 14, no. 15: 2336. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152336

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