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Article

Isolation of Bacteria Capable of Degrading Various AHLs for Biofouling Control in Membrane Bioreactors

1
Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, Tamkang University, 151 Yingzhuan Road, Tamsui District, New Taipei City 25137, Taiwan
2
Water Treatment Science and Technology Research Center, Tamkang University, 151 Yingzhuan Road, Tamsui District, New Taipei City 25137, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jesus Gonza-lez-Lopez
Water 2022, 14(11), 1712; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111712
Received: 19 March 2022 / Revised: 19 May 2022 / Accepted: 25 May 2022 / Published: 26 May 2022
Membrane bioreactors (MBRs) are widely used to treat wastewater, mainly due to the production of high-quality effluent. However, biofilm forming on the surface of membranes can cause many problems, which remains one of the major limitations of this technique. Bacterial quorum quenching (QQ) has been proven to be a successful strategy to control biofouling in MBRs. However, for many QQ bacterial isolates, the detailed degradation rates of acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) have rarely been reported. Therefore, this study aimed to isolate potential QQ bacteria and investigate their degradation rates against eight different AHLs. Results showed that four isolates (A9, A12, B11, and D3) exhibited consistent C8-HSL–(N-octanoyl-L-homoserine lactone) removal capabilities. These four isolates removed at least 70% of all AHLs tested within 180 min. They might have different QQ enzymes, based on our observation that the locations of enzyme activities differed. The bacteria most closely related to A9, A12, and B11 were Brucella anthropic, Bacillus cereus, and Bacillus toyonensis, respectively. Bacillus species have shown QQ activity in many studies, but AHL-reducing Brucella species have not been previously reported. Overall, this study extends our current knowledge of QQ bacteria that could be used to mitigate biofilm formation on MBR membranes. View Full-Text
Keywords: acyl homoserine lactone; quorum quenching; biofouling; membrane bioreactor acyl homoserine lactone; quorum quenching; biofouling; membrane bioreactor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chien, I.-C.; Chu, C.-Y.; Huang, C.-Y. Isolation of Bacteria Capable of Degrading Various AHLs for Biofouling Control in Membrane Bioreactors. Water 2022, 14, 1712. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111712

AMA Style

Chien I-C, Chu C-Y, Huang C-Y. Isolation of Bacteria Capable of Degrading Various AHLs for Biofouling Control in Membrane Bioreactors. Water. 2022; 14(11):1712. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111712

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chien, I-Chieh, Chiao-Yun Chu, and Chien-Yu Huang. 2022. "Isolation of Bacteria Capable of Degrading Various AHLs for Biofouling Control in Membrane Bioreactors" Water 14, no. 11: 1712. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111712

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