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Article

Spatiotemporal Distribution Pattern of Phytoplankton Community and Its Main Driving Factors in Dongting Lake, China—A Seasonal Study from 2017 to 2019

by 1,2,3, 1,2,3,4, 1,2,3,*, 5 and 5
1
National Engineering Laboratory for Lake Pollution Control and Ecological Restoration, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
2
State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Drinking Water Source Protection, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
3
State Environmental Protection Scientific Observation and Research Station for Lake Dongting, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Yueyang 414000, China
4
School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
5
Ecological and Environmental Monitoring Center of Dongting Lake of Hunan, Yueyang 414000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jun Yang
Water 2022, 14(11), 1674; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111674
Received: 13 April 2022 / Revised: 15 May 2022 / Accepted: 20 May 2022 / Published: 24 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eutrophication Mechanism Evaluation)
As it is the second-largest freshwater lake downstream of the Three Gorges Dam and an important international wetland for migratory birds, there have been concerns about the ecological water health of Dongting Lake for a long time. In the present study, we studied the evolutionary characteristics of water quality in Dongting Lake in three recent years. Moreover, the evolution rules and dominant groups of the phytoplankton community were explored, and the major influencing factors of phytoplankton and their distribution were assessed based on the field survey and detection data from 2017 to 2019. The results indicated that the water quality of Dongting Lake improved in recent years. The concentration of dissolved oxygen (DO) increased by 6.91%, whereas the concentrations of the five-day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), chemical oxygen demand (CODCr), ammonia nitrogen (NH4+–N), total phosphorus (TP), and total nitrogen (TN) decreased by 17.5%, 13.0%, 33.8%, 7.6%, and 13.3%, respectively. The mean phytoplankton density reached 4.15 × 105 cells·L−1 in September 2017, whereas it was only 1.62 × 105 cells·L−1 in December 2018. There were 15 dominant species belonging to Cyanobacteria, Chlorophyta, Bacillariophyta, Cryptophyta, and Miozoa. Moreover, Fragilaria radians (Kützing) D.M.Williams & Round and Aulacoseiragranulata (Ehrenberg) Simonsen were the dominant populations in all seasons. The Pearson and linear regression analysis also indicated that the composition and distribution of phytoplankton in Dongting Lake were mainly affected by electrical conductivity (Cond), BOD5, potassium permanganate (CODMn), and CODCr, especially in Eastern Dongting Lake. Of course, NH4+–N, TN, and TP were also the main factors affecting the density and species of the phytoplankton community, especially in Western Dongting Lake. Finally, we suggested that local government could take “The relationship between Yangtze River and Dongting Lake”, “The relationship between the seven fed rivers and Dongting Lake”, and “The relationship between human activities and Dongting Lake” as the breakthrough points to guarantee the ecological flow, water environment, and ecological quality of Dongting Lake. View Full-Text
Keywords: Dongting Lake; phytoplankton community; water quality; biodiversity; driving factors Dongting Lake; phytoplankton community; water quality; biodiversity; driving factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yin, X.; Yan, G.; Wang, X.; Huang, D.; Li, L. Spatiotemporal Distribution Pattern of Phytoplankton Community and Its Main Driving Factors in Dongting Lake, China—A Seasonal Study from 2017 to 2019. Water 2022, 14, 1674. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111674

AMA Style

Yin X, Yan G, Wang X, Huang D, Li L. Spatiotemporal Distribution Pattern of Phytoplankton Community and Its Main Driving Factors in Dongting Lake, China—A Seasonal Study from 2017 to 2019. Water. 2022; 14(11):1674. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111674

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yin, Xueyan, Guanghan Yan, Xing Wang, Daizhong Huang, and Liqiang Li. 2022. "Spatiotemporal Distribution Pattern of Phytoplankton Community and Its Main Driving Factors in Dongting Lake, China—A Seasonal Study from 2017 to 2019" Water 14, no. 11: 1674. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111674

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