Next Article in Journal
Effect of Wastewater Irrigation on Photosynthesis, Growth, and Anatomical Features of Two Wheat Cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.)
Next Article in Special Issue
Simple-Yet-Effective SRTM DEM Improvement Scheme for Dense Urban Cities Using ANN and Remote Sensing Data: Application to Flood Modeling
Previous Article in Journal
Mathematical Study on Wave Propagation through Emergent Vegetation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Flood Forecasting and Warning System Structures: Procedure and Application to a Small Urban Stream in South Korea
Open AccessArticle

An Integrated Urban Flood Vulnerability Index for Sustainable Planning in Arid Zones of Developing Countries

Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali, Blvd. Benito Juárez, S/N, Mexicali C.P. 21280, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(2), 608; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12020608
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 6 February 2020 / Accepted: 14 February 2020 / Published: 24 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Integrated Flood Management: Concepts, Methods, Tools and Results)
Floods are among the most recurring and devastating natural hazards, impacting human lives and causing severe economic damage. Urbanization can increase the risk of flooding due to increased peak discharge and volume. Over arid urban areas of developing countries, flood disaster management is reactive, responding to prevailing disaster situations, mainly because of the lack of budget, equipment, facilities, and human resources. The approach required in a new city requires a different operative planning process, ruled by different kinds of specific indicators to be incorporated in the sustainable planning process. This study focuses on an approach to assess flood vulnerability as a planning tool using an integrated flood vulnerability index (FVI) with variables that are accessible in developing countries and arid urban areas. The research took place in the city of Mexicali, Baja, California. México. This index was determined by coupling the variables of three components: social, economic, and physical. The FVI reflects the status of an urban scale’s vulnerability. Variables were obtained from government data for the social and economic components, and a hydrological and hydraulic model approach as a physical component. The correlation of each variable to the flood was taken into account by using a general linear transformation. GIS was used as a tool for the development of spatial analysis. The results showed the spatial distribution of vulnerability at an urban district scale. It was found that 55% of the population is exposed to a vulnerability above the average value of the urban area. Integrating all the components will help decision-makers to implement strategies to improve the resilience of the area by attending the needs of the particular component that is more vulnerable. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood vulnerability index; urban scale; GIS analysis; planning tools; integrated model flood vulnerability index; urban scale; GIS analysis; planning tools; integrated model
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Salazar-Briones, C.; Ruiz-Gibert, J.M.; Lomelí-Banda, M.A.; Mungaray-Moctezuma, A. An Integrated Urban Flood Vulnerability Index for Sustainable Planning in Arid Zones of Developing Countries. Water 2020, 12, 608.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop