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Article

An Augmented Reality Facility to Run Hybrid Physical-Numerical Flood Models

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Water and Environmental Engineering Group (GEAMA), Department of Civil Engineering, Universidade da Coruña, 15071 Elviña, A Coruña, Spain
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Advanced Visualization and Cartography Group (VAC), Centre for Technological Innovation in Construction and Civil Engineering (CITEEC), Universidade da Coruña, 15071 Elviña, A Coruña, Spain
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Water and Environmental Engineering Group (GEAMA), Centre for Technological Innovation in Construction and Civil Engineering (CITEEC), Universidade da Coruña, 15071 Elviña, A Coruña, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 3290; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113290
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 18 November 2020 / Accepted: 21 November 2020 / Published: 23 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Modelling in Hydraulics Engineering)
This article presents a novel installation for the development of hybrid physical-numerical flood models in an augmented reality environment. This installation extends the concept introduced by the well-known Augmented Reality-SandBox (AR-Sandbox) module, which presents a more educational, and less research-based and professional application. It consists of a physical scale topography built in a sandbox into which other elements (such as buildings, roads or dikes) can be incorporated. A scanner generates, in real time, a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) from the sandbox topography, which serves as a basis for the simulation of overland flow using professional hydraulic software (Iber+). The hydraulic and hydrological parameters (surface roughness, inlet discharges, boundary conditions) are entered with a simple Graphical User Interface (GUI) developed specifically for this project, as indeed was the entire system that allows the visualization of the simulation results. This allows us to obtain quantitative results of flood extension and magnitude, which are represented directly over the physical topography, yielding a realistic visual effect. This installation is conceived for both educational and professional uses. An example of its use is presented, through which its accuracy can be appreciated, and which also illustrates its potential. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical modelling; numerical modelling; floods; fluvial hydraulics; innovative facilities; augmented reality physical modelling; numerical modelling; floods; fluvial hydraulics; innovative facilities; augmented reality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Puertas, J.; Hernández-Ibáñez, L.; Cea, L.; Regueiro-Picallo, M.; Barneche-Naya, V.; Varela-García, F.-A. An Augmented Reality Facility to Run Hybrid Physical-Numerical Flood Models. Water 2020, 12, 3290. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113290

AMA Style

Puertas J, Hernández-Ibáñez L, Cea L, Regueiro-Picallo M, Barneche-Naya V, Varela-García F-A. An Augmented Reality Facility to Run Hybrid Physical-Numerical Flood Models. Water. 2020; 12(11):3290. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113290

Chicago/Turabian Style

Puertas, Jerónimo, Luis Hernández-Ibáñez, Luis Cea, Manuel Regueiro-Picallo, Viviana Barneche-Naya, and Francisco-Alberto Varela-García. 2020. "An Augmented Reality Facility to Run Hybrid Physical-Numerical Flood Models" Water 12, no. 11: 3290. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113290

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