Next Article in Journal
Multivariate Analyses of Water Quality Dynamics Over Four Decades in the Barataria Basin, Mississippi Delta
Next Article in Special Issue
Determination of Internal Elevation Fluctuation from CCTV Footage of Sanitary Sewers Using Deep Learning
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluation of Lime-Treated Lateritic Soil for Reservoir Shoreline Stabilization
Article

Empirical Analysis and Countermeasures of the Irrigation Efficiency Paradox in the Shenwu Irrigation Area, China

1
Institute of Management Science, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
2
Business School, Nanjing Normal University, Qixia District, Nanjing 210023, China
3
School of Management, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
4
College of Management and Economics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 3142; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113142
Received: 7 October 2020 / Revised: 3 November 2020 / Accepted: 5 November 2020 / Published: 10 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Machine Learning for Hydro-Systems)
Water-saving in agriculture is critical for building a water-conserving society. However, the application of high-efficiency water-saving technology in agriculture may create a paradox of irrigation efficiency. Efficiency improvement in agricultural water utilization may not lead to the expected agricultural water-saving. In this paper, a rebound intensity model of the irrigation efficiency paradox is established and combined with remote sensing measurement to verify the irrigation efficiency paradox caused by expanding the irrigation area in the Shenwu Irrigation Area, China. Based on ideas in the principal–agent theory and stakeholder theory, it is concluded that the essence of the irrigation efficiency paradox is the conflict of interests among stakeholders with asymmetric information due to inadequate regulatory capacity. A dual principal–agent model is formulated to optimize the conflict among heterogeneous stakeholders in the paradox. The results show that the paradox should be restrained by a suitable distribution mechanism of water-saving gains, improved irrigation water metering, and enhanced water-use monitoring. View Full-Text
Keywords: paradox of irrigation efficiency; rebound intensity model; dual principal–agent model; Shenwu irrigation area paradox of irrigation efficiency; rebound intensity model; dual principal–agent model; Shenwu irrigation area
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, L.; Wang, H.; Chen, Z.; Fang, Z.; Sun, D.; Liu, G. Empirical Analysis and Countermeasures of the Irrigation Efficiency Paradox in the Shenwu Irrigation Area, China. Water 2020, 12, 3142. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113142

AMA Style

Zhang L, Wang H, Chen Z, Fang Z, Sun D, Liu G. Empirical Analysis and Countermeasures of the Irrigation Efficiency Paradox in the Shenwu Irrigation Area, China. Water. 2020; 12(11):3142. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113142

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Linna; Wang, Huimin; Chen, Zhisong; Fang, Zhou; Sun, Dongying; Liu, Gang. 2020. "Empirical Analysis and Countermeasures of the Irrigation Efficiency Paradox in the Shenwu Irrigation Area, China" Water 12, no. 11: 3142. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113142

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop