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Review

Water Allocation and Integrative Management of Precision Irrigation: A Systematic Review

1
School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
2
Guangdong Engineering Research Centre for High Efficient Utility of Water/Fertilizers and Solar Intelligent Irrigation, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
3
School of Automation Engineering, Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University, Guangzhou 510665, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 3135; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113135
Received: 7 September 2020 / Revised: 18 October 2020 / Accepted: 5 November 2020 / Published: 9 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Crop Water Stress and Deficit Irrigation)
Precision irrigation, defined as an efficient water allocation technique characterized by the optimal management and best collaboration of various factors of the irrigation process, attracts considerable attention in agricultural production and crop cultivation. This paper reviews the latest research developments in water allocation mechanism and integrative management effectiveness of precision irrigation, and highlights how irrigation water allocation and integrative management contribute to the high-efficiency performance of precision irrigation techniques; the irrigation models, irrigation infrastructure, and management strategies currently being used are emphasized. Thereafter, the future development prospects in water allocation and integrative management could be systematically analyzed and subsequently explored. Some frontier techniques such as data-oriented irrigation management, performance-proven water allocation, and cloud-based irrigation control are among the critical technologies capable of building a sustainable, integrative, and evolutionary irrigation system while providing the higher quality and efficiency needed for a full application of precision irrigation. This review could be used as an effective reference to study the complicated correlations between precision irrigation and its constructive influences in different environmental conditions, and to facilitate the practical promotion of irrigation productivity with higher accuracy and increased reliability of returns. View Full-Text
Keywords: precision irrigation; water allocation; mechanism; integrative management; effectiveness precision irrigation; water allocation; mechanism; integrative management; effectiveness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liang, Z.; Liu, X.; Xiong, J.; Xiao, J. Water Allocation and Integrative Management of Precision Irrigation: A Systematic Review. Water 2020, 12, 3135. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113135

AMA Style

Liang Z, Liu X, Xiong J, Xiao J. Water Allocation and Integrative Management of Precision Irrigation: A Systematic Review. Water. 2020; 12(11):3135. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113135

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liang, Zhongwei; Liu, Xiaochu; Xiong, Jianbin; Xiao, Jinrui. 2020. "Water Allocation and Integrative Management of Precision Irrigation: A Systematic Review" Water 12, no. 11: 3135. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113135

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