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Article

Setting Up of an Experimental Site for the Continuous Monitoring of Water Discharge, Suspended Sediment Transport and Groundwater Levels in a Mediterranean Basin. Results of One Year of Activity

1
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (Di.S.A.A.T), University of Bari, via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy
2
Basin Authority of the Southern Apennines District, Viale Lincoln-ex Saint Gobain’s Area, 81100 Caserta, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pagano and Sollitto contributed equally to this work.
Water 2020, 12(11), 3130; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113130
Received: 9 September 2020 / Revised: 20 October 2020 / Accepted: 31 October 2020 / Published: 8 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology and Hydrogeology)
The study of suspended sediment transport requires continuous measurement of water discharge to better understand the sediment dynamics. Furthermore, a groundwater monitoring network can support the stream discharge measures, as it reveals how the interactions between surface water and groundwater may affect runoff and consequently sediment transport during flood events. An experimental site for the continuous monitoring of water discharge, suspended sediment transport and groundwater levels was set up in the Carapellotto basin (27.17 km2), which is located in Apulia, Southern Italy. Seven flood events that occurred in the operation timespan were covered with a full record of both water discharge and sediment concentration. Some monitoring problems, largely due to the clogging of the float by mud, suggested to improve the experimental set up. The results show high values of suspended sediments concentration which indicate the sub-basin’s key role in the sediment delivery to the whole river system, while counter-clockwise hysteresis loops are the most frequent due to the basin characteristics. The effects of the interaction between surface water and groundwater are related not only to the flood magnitude but also to the hydrogeological features in the hyporheic zone. View Full-Text
Keywords: monitoring site; continuous measurements; water discharge; suspended sediment transport; groundwater levels monitoring site; continuous measurements; water discharge; suspended sediment transport; groundwater levels
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pagano, S.G.; Sollitto, D.; Colucci, M.; Prato, D.; Milillo, F.; Ricci, G.F.; Gentile, F. Setting Up of an Experimental Site for the Continuous Monitoring of Water Discharge, Suspended Sediment Transport and Groundwater Levels in a Mediterranean Basin. Results of One Year of Activity. Water 2020, 12, 3130. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113130

AMA Style

Pagano SG, Sollitto D, Colucci M, Prato D, Milillo F, Ricci GF, Gentile F. Setting Up of an Experimental Site for the Continuous Monitoring of Water Discharge, Suspended Sediment Transport and Groundwater Levels in a Mediterranean Basin. Results of One Year of Activity. Water. 2020; 12(11):3130. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113130

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pagano, Stefano G.; Sollitto, Donato; Colucci, Marco; Prato, Davide; Milillo, Fabio; Ricci, Giovanni F.; Gentile, Francesco. 2020. "Setting Up of an Experimental Site for the Continuous Monitoring of Water Discharge, Suspended Sediment Transport and Groundwater Levels in a Mediterranean Basin. Results of One Year of Activity" Water 12, no. 11: 3130. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113130

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