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Open AccessArticle

Climate Change Risk Evaluation of Tsunami Hazards in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

1
Civil Engineering Department, Sirnak University, 73000 Sirnak, Turkey
2
Civil Engineering Department, Middle East Technical University, 06800 Ankara, Turkey
3
Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
4
Design and Simulation Technologies Inc., DSTECH, Canton, MI 48187, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(10), 2881; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102881
Received: 8 September 2020 / Revised: 5 October 2020 / Accepted: 14 October 2020 / Published: 16 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computational Methods in Water Resources)
Climate change impacts on social and economic assets and activities are expected to be devastating. What is as important as the analysis of climate change triggered events is the analysis of a combination of climate change related events and other natural hazards not related to climate change. Given this observation, the purpose of this study is to present a coastal risk analysis for potential earthquake triggered tsunamis (ETTs) coupled with the sea level rise (SLR) in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. For this purpose, extensive stochastic analysis of ETTs, which are not related to climate change, are conducted considering the effects of climate change related SLR projections for this century. For the combined analysis, economic and social risks are evaluated for two regions in the Eastern Mediterranean Coastline, namely the Fethiye City Center at the Turkish Coastline and the Cairo Agricultural Area near Egypt. It is observed that ignoring SLR will hinder realistic evaluation of ETT risks in the region. Moreover, spatial evaluations of economic and social risks are necessary since topography and proximity to the earthquake zones affect inundation levels due to ETTs in the presence of SLR. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural hazard; climate change; sea level rise; earthquake triggered tsunami; social and economic risk assessment; Monte Carlo analysis natural hazard; climate change; sea level rise; earthquake triggered tsunami; social and economic risk assessment; Monte Carlo analysis
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Yavuz, C.; Kentel, E.; Aral, M.M. Climate Change Risk Evaluation of Tsunami Hazards in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Water 2020, 12, 2881.

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