Next Article in Journal
Cost Effectiveness of Ecosystem-Based Nutrient Targets—Findings from a Numerical Model for the Baltic Sea
Previous Article in Journal
A Stepwise Approach to Beach Restoration at Calabaia Beach
Open AccessArticle

Validation and Modification of the Van Genuchten Model for Eroded Black Soil in Northeastern China

1
State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
The State Key Lab of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(10), 2678; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102678
Received: 3 August 2020 / Revised: 17 September 2020 / Accepted: 21 September 2020 / Published: 24 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology and Hydrogeology)
The soil water characteristic curve is highly related to soil physical characteristics, which may be affected by the soil erosion degree. To explore the applicability of the soil moisture characteristic curve model in northeastern China, two erosion degrees, (1) lightly and (2) severely eroded black soil sampled from 15 sites, were collected. The soil water contents at eight soil water suctions were measured and the parameters of the Van Genuchten (VG) model were estimated. Then, two input sets—SSCBD (sand, silt and clay percentages and bulk density) and SSCBDθ33θ1500 (SSCBD, and water contents at 33 and 1500 kPa suction) based on the Rosetta model were compared for the VG model prediction. The results showed that the parameters in the VG model had significant difference under the two eroded soils of the saturated water content (θs), but the opposite was true for the residual water content (θr), the scale parameter (α) and the shape parameter (n). In addition, the θs and θr had no significant differences but the opposite was true for the α and n under the two input sets. The simulated soil water content values of the VG model parameters derived from the Rosetta model underestimated the measured ones, except the water contents at 0 kPa. Therefore the relationships between m and n were modified for accuracy. The validation results showed that the VG model performed well when the sand content was less than 80% for the input set of SSCBD. Using the input set of SSCBDθ33θ1500 can lead to higher simulation accuracy and wider applicability compared with SSCBD under black soil. View Full-Text
Keywords: northeastern China; Rosetta model; soil water characteristic curve; two erosion degrees; VG model northeastern China; Rosetta model; soil water characteristic curve; two erosion degrees; VG model
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, S.; Xie, Y.; Xin, Y.; Liu, G.; Wang, W.; Gao, X.; Zhai, J.; Li, J. Validation and Modification of the Van Genuchten Model for Eroded Black Soil in Northeastern China. Water 2020, 12, 2678.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop