Reclaiming Indigenous Planning as a Pathway to Local Water Security
1.1. Water Governance
1.2. The Water Problem
1.3. Source Water Protection Planning
2.1. Planning Framework
2.1.1. Trust and Relationship Building (Stage 1)
2.1.2. Engage Planning Process (Stage 2)
2.1.3. Identify Community Actions and Activities (Stage 3)
2.1.4. Community Approval of Plan (Stage 4)
2.1.5. Plan Review and Update (Stage 5)
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|Contaminant Threat||Risk Ranking (score 20–25)||Contaminant of Concern|
|Inadequate sewage lagoon cap.||25 (high)||Sewage effluent, E. coli contamination|
|Private wells on reserve||25||Poor water quality, bacterial contamination|
|Former railway/industrial lands||25||Diesel fuel spills, creosote contaminants|
|Cisterns||25||Infiltration, cracks in concrete, broken necks|
|Septic ‘shoot-outs’||25||Improper disposal, sewage in backyards|
|Abandoned, uncapped wells||25||Surface to groundwater contaminants|
|Household heating fuel tanks||25||Leaking tanks, oil contamination|
|Unauthorized waste disposal||25||Unknown materials, contaminants|
|Train derailment||25||Oil, petroleum products, chemicals|
|Overland flooding||25||Mobilization of contaminants|
|Abandoned houses||20 (medium)||Building material breakdown|
|Abandoned vehicles||16||Vehicle fluids, batteries|
|Illegal dumping||15||Batteries, appliances, fuel tanks, tires|
|Animal carcasses||15||Bacteria, animal waste|
|Agriculture –TLE Lands||15||Chemical spray, fertilizer, pesticides|
|Horses, Dogs||12||Animal waste. rodents|
|Diesel Shed||8 (low)||Diesel fuel, chemicals|
|Backyard mechanic||8||Dumping oil, liquid contaminants|
|Macza Lands (former feedlot)||5||Chemicals, oils, storage|
|Landfill sites (unlined)||5||Open dumping areas, propane tanks, batteries, tires, animal waste, appliances|
|Transport trucks||4||Potential highway fuel spills, hazardous goods|
|Former hide plant||3||Animal waste; hides|
|Lambert and sewage lagoon||3||Sewage effluent|
|Contaminant Threat||Risk Ranking (Highest Score *)||Management Actions||Responsible Agency/Funding Source|
|1. Inadequate sewage lagoon capacity||High 25||Build new lagoon, partner with municipality and new industry||Lestock Council; Muskowekwan; Federal Gov’t|
|2. Private wells on reserve||High 25||Chlorination shock treatment, post ‘do not consume’ advisory, household treatment||Muskowekwan; |
Sask Water Security Agency
|3. Former railway, Industrial lands||High 25||Site assessment, contaminant remediation||Muskowekwan;|
|4. Cisterns||High (25)||Initiate annual cistern cleaning and repair, neck extension on each cistern, protect cistern; Convert to water distribution system||Muskowekwan|
|5. Septic ‘shoot-outs’||High (25)||Extend outflow pipe from house|
Upgrade to in-ground septic fields
|6. Abandoned, uncapped wells||High (25)||Identify all well locations, cap wells||Muskowekwan; Sask Water Security Agency; Federal Gov’t|
|7. Household heating fuel tanks||High (25)||Collect all tanks for disposal, store at landfill||Muskowekwan;|
|8. Unauthorized waste disposal||High (25)||Inform all contractors to remove waste materials.|
|9. Train derailment||High (25)||Emergency response training; remediation after a spill||Muskowekwan;|
|10. Flooding||High (25)||Increasing rain events, climate change. Flood adaptation, sand bagging sensitive areas such as lift station; monitor flood prone areas; flood awareness.||Muskowekwan; Sask Water Security Agency; Federal Gov’t|
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Patrick, R.J.; Grant, K.; Bharadwaj, L. Reclaiming Indigenous Planning as a Pathway to Local Water Security. Water 2019, 11, 936. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11050936
Patrick RJ, Grant K, Bharadwaj L. Reclaiming Indigenous Planning as a Pathway to Local Water Security. Water. 2019; 11(5):936. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11050936Chicago/Turabian Style
Patrick, Robert J., Kellie Grant, and Lalita Bharadwaj. 2019. "Reclaiming Indigenous Planning as a Pathway to Local Water Security" Water 11, no. 5: 936. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11050936