Projected Rainfall Erosivity Over Central Asia Based on CMIP5 Climate Models
AbstractClimate change-induced precipitation variability is the leading cause of rainfall erosivity that leads to excessive soil losses in most countries of the world. In this paper, four global climate models (GCMs) were used to characterize the spatiotemporal prediction of rainfall erosivity and assess the effect of variations of rainfall erosivity in Central Asia. The GCMs (BCCCSM1-1, IPSLCM5BLR, MIROC5, and MPIESMLR) were statistically downscaled using the delta method under Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) 2.6 and 8.5 for two time periods: “Near” and “Far” future (2030s and 2070s). These GCMs data were used to estimate rainfall erosivity and its projected changes over Central Asia. WorldClim data was used as the present baseline precipitation scenario for the study area. The rainfall erosivity (R) factor of the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) was used to determine rainfall erosivity. The results show an increase in the future periods of the annual rainfall erosivity compared to the baseline. For all GCMs, with an average change in rainfall erosivity of about 5.6% (424.49 MJ mm ha−1 h−1 year−1) in 2030s and 9.6% (440.57 MJ mm ha−1 h−1 year−1) in 2070s as compared to the baseline of 402 MJ mm ha−1 h−1 year−1. The magnitude of the change varies with the GCMs, with the largest change being 26.6% (508.85 MJ mm ha−1 h−1 year−1), occurring in the MIROC-5 RCP8.5 scenario in the 2070s. Although annual rainfall erosivity shows a steady increase, IPSLCM5ALR (both RCPs and periods) shows a decrease in the average erosivity. Higher rainfall amounts were the prime causes of increasing spatial-temporal rainfall erosivity. View Full-Text
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Duulatov, E.; Chen, X.; Amanambu, A.C.; Ochege, F.U.; Orozbaev, R.; Issanova, G.; Omurakunova, G. Projected Rainfall Erosivity Over Central Asia Based on CMIP5 Climate Models. Water 2019, 11, 897.
Duulatov E, Chen X, Amanambu AC, Ochege FU, Orozbaev R, Issanova G, Omurakunova G. Projected Rainfall Erosivity Over Central Asia Based on CMIP5 Climate Models. Water. 2019; 11(5):897.Chicago/Turabian Style
Duulatov, Eldiiar; Chen, Xi; Amanambu, Amobichukwu C.; Ochege, Friday U.; Orozbaev, Rustam; Issanova, Gulnura; Omurakunova, Gulkaiyr. 2019. "Projected Rainfall Erosivity Over Central Asia Based on CMIP5 Climate Models." Water 11, no. 5: 897.
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