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Open AccessEditorial

Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Dissemination in Aquatic Systems

Department of Surgery, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117411, Singapore
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 138602, Singapore
NUS Environmental Research Institute (NERI), Singapore 138602, Singapore
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(1), 71;
Received: 13 December 2018 / Revised: 28 December 2018 / Accepted: 28 December 2018 / Published: 3 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Resistance in Environmental Waters)
PDF [183 KB, uploaded 3 January 2019]


This special issue on Antimicrobial Resistance in Environmental Waters features 11 articles on monitoring and surveillance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in natural aquatic systems (reservoirs, rivers), and effluent discharge from water treatment plants to assess the effectiveness of AMR removal and resulting loads in treated waters. The occurrence and distribution of antimicrobials, antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB), antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) was determined by utilizing a variety of techniques including liquid chromatography—mass spectrometry in tandem (LC-MS/MS), traditional culturing, antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST), molecular and OMIC approaches. Some of the key elements of AMR studies presented in this special issue highlight the underlying drivers of AMR contamination in the environment and evaluation of the hazard imposed on aquatic organisms in receiving environments through ecological risk assessments. As described in this issue, screening antimicrobial peptide (AMP) libraries for biofilm disruption and antimicrobial candidates are promising avenues for the development of new treatment options to eradicate resistance. This editorial puts into perspective the current AMR problem in the environment and potential new methods which could be applied to surveillance and monitoring efforts. View Full-Text
Keywords: Antimicrobial Resistance; Environmental Waters; water treatment plants; water reuse; ecological risk assessment Antimicrobial Resistance; Environmental Waters; water treatment plants; water reuse; ecological risk assessment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ng, C.; Gin, K. .-H. Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Dissemination in Aquatic Systems. Water 2019, 11, 71.

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