Effect of TSS Removal from Stormwater by Mixed Media Column on T-N, T-P, and Organic Material Removal
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Characteristics of Media
2.2. Lab-Scale Experiments
2.3. Operation Conditions
2.4. Contaminant Analysis
3. Results and Discussion
3.1. Removal Efficiency of Each Contaminant
3.2. Removal of TSS
3.3. Removal of BOD and COD
3.4. SS-T-N and SS-T-P
- Based on the TSS removal efficiency, all mixed filtration media obtained an 80% removal efficiency at 10 and 20 HC, which satisfies the Korean regulations for stormwater treatment. The two mixed media obtained at least a 15% higher removal efficiency than the three mixed media.
- The comparison of removal efficiencies for five different water quality indexes shows that TSS has the highest removal efficiency (regardless of filter media type), followed by T-P > BOD > COD = T-N, confirming that the filtration process is optimized for TSS.
- Similar removal efficiency trends of BOD, COD, and T-N with TSS indicate that the removal of BOD, COD, and T-N was primarily affected by the portion of the particle form.
- TSS was less sensitive to filter type and HC than other pollutants. Among a variety of experimental conditions, T-N had the highest variation, depending on the HC at S-BA and on the type of media at 10 HC.
- Through comparisons of BI, HRT, and C:N, it was found that biodegradation during filtration cannot occur.
- Unlike other pollutants, the highest removal efficiency was observed using BA-S for T-P. This corresponds to the adsorption effect for BA.
- Increased water quality using BA and WC demonstrated its capability and sustainability due to its low-cost and low-energy consumption factors, despite lower removal efficiency for water and wastewater treatment. In order to enhance the water quality and quantity treated, the system needs to be determined on the optimized operating parameters depending on influent concentrations or target pollutants.
Conflicts of Interest
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|Type of Filter Media||Sand||Bottom Ash||Wood Chip|
|Main Composition a||SiO2: 70%|
|Water and Organic: 95%|
|Particle size||0.85–2 mm||0.5–1.2 mm||2.00–4.76 mm|
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Kim, H.J.; Choi, J.-W.; Kim, T.-H.; Park, J.-S.; An, B. Effect of TSS Removal from Stormwater by Mixed Media Column on T-N, T-P, and Organic Material Removal. Water 2018, 10, 1069. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10081069
Kim HJ, Choi J-W, Kim T-H, Park J-S, An B. Effect of TSS Removal from Stormwater by Mixed Media Column on T-N, T-P, and Organic Material Removal. Water. 2018; 10(8):1069. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10081069Chicago/Turabian Style
Kim, Hoi Jin, Jae-Woo Choi, Tae-Han Kim, Jong-Sup Park, and Byungryul An. 2018. "Effect of TSS Removal from Stormwater by Mixed Media Column on T-N, T-P, and Organic Material Removal" Water 10, no. 8: 1069. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10081069