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Open AccessArticle

Variability of Short-Term Diel Water Temperature Amplitudes in a Mountain Lake

Department of Hydrology and Water Management, Adam Mickiewicz University, Krygowskiego 10, 61-680 Poznań, Poland
Faculty of Food Sciences and Fisheries, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Pawła VI 3, 71-459 Szczecin, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(6), 795;
Received: 10 May 2018 / Revised: 7 June 2018 / Accepted: 12 June 2018 / Published: 15 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
This paper presents an analysis of the variability of short-term water temperature amplitudes in Lake Morskie Oko, situated in the Tatra Mountains National Park, which makes the human impact on the lake very limited. The objective of the study was to determine to what extent an increase in depth contributes to suppressing daily water temperature amplitudes. It was shown, among other things, that water temperature amplitudes were the lowest in the period of occurrence of the ice cover, higher in the period of occurrence of other (than ice cover) ice phenomena, and the highest in the case of their lack. The analysis of profiles of water temperature amplitudes (in the case of lack of ice phenomena) resulted in determination of their six types. A strong correlation was observed in which the effect of mean daily air temperature and the effect of wind on water level amplitudes are considerably lower during the occurrence of ice phenomena in comparison to the period when the water surface is free from such phenomena. It was demonstrated that the near-bottom waters in Lake Morskie Oko are very stable in terms of temperature. The short transition period from ice cover to free water surface was determined to be very important, because it constitutes a threshold in the effect of air temperature and wind on changes in thermal dynamics of water (in this case expressed in amplitude values). Finally, proposals are presented for future expansion of the scope of research on water temperature amplitudes. This work is important, because the amplitudes were investigated not only at the surface of the lake, but also at its bottom, and also during the ice cover period, when the lake was isolated from the atmospheric influences. This study may contribute to better understanding of the lake water temperature responses to climate change and thus to more accurate prediction these patterns in lake globally. Moreover, understanding of changes in water temperature is closely related to the variability of its heat resources, and these in the future may be used on a large scale. In the case of a mountain lake such as Morskie Oko, the heat of water may be used, for example, for heating tourist shelters. View Full-Text
Keywords: mountain lake; short-term water temperature amplitudes; vertical profile; meteorological conditions mountain lake; short-term water temperature amplitudes; vertical profile; meteorological conditions
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Choiński, A.; Strzelczak, A. Variability of Short-Term Diel Water Temperature Amplitudes in a Mountain Lake. Water 2018, 10, 795.

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