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Water 2018, 10(6), 788; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10060788

Drought Prediction for Areas with Sparse Monitoring Networks: A Case Study for Fiji

Climate Services and Research Department, APEC Climate Center, Busan 48058, Korea
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Received: 18 May 2018 / Revised: 11 June 2018 / Accepted: 11 June 2018 / Published: 14 June 2018
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Abstract

Hybrid drought prediction models were developed for areas with limited monitoring gauges using the APEC Climate Center Multi-Model Ensemble seasonal climate forecast and machine learning models of Extra-Trees and Adaboost. The models provide spatially distributed detailed drought prediction data of the 6-month Standardized Precipitation Index for the case study area, Fiji. In order to overcome the limitation of a sparse monitoring network, both in-situ data and bias-corrected dynamic downscaling of historical climate data from the Weather Research Forecasting (WRF) model were used as reference data. Performance measures of the mean absolute error as well as classification accuracy were used. The WRF outputs reflect the topography of the area. Hybrid models showed better performance than simply bias corrected forecasts in most cases. Especially, the model based on Extra-Trees trained using the WRF model outputs performed the best in most cases. View Full-Text
Keywords: drought prediction; APCC Multi-Model Ensemble; seasonal climate forecast; machine learning; sparse monitoring network; Fiji drought prediction; APCC Multi-Model Ensemble; seasonal climate forecast; machine learning; sparse monitoring network; Fiji
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Rhee, J.; Yang, H. Drought Prediction for Areas with Sparse Monitoring Networks: A Case Study for Fiji. Water 2018, 10, 788.

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