Next Article in Journal
Oxygen and Hydrogen Isotopes of Precipitation in a Rocky Mountainous Area of Beijing to Distinguish and Estimate Spring Recharge
Previous Article in Journal
Adsorption of Reactive Brilliant Red X-3B in Aqueous Solutions on Clay–Biochar Composites from Bagasse and Natural Attapulgite
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of Land Cover Change on Urban Floods and Rainwater Harvesting: A Case Study in Sharjah, UAE
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2018, 10(6), 704;

Characterizing the Flash Flooding Risks from 2011 to 2016 over China

China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
School of Geographic and Environmental Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, Beijing 100038, China
CITIC Construction Co., Ltd., Beijing 100004, China
School of Management, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, China
Advanced Radar Research Center, and School of Civil Engineering and Environmental Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73072, USA
Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 March 2018 / Revised: 11 May 2018 / Accepted: 18 May 2018 / Published: 30 May 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [3593 KB, uploaded 30 May 2018]   |  


Flash floods induced by heavy rainfall occur frequently in China, which cause severe damages or even casualties every year. Flash floods generally occur in small catchments, and therefore were poorly documented. A Database including 963 flash flood events in China is compiled and studied in this study. Analytical results (a) indicate flash flood condition in China; (b) shed light on the spatial-temporal distribution of flash flood under heavy rainfall and (c) detect the characteristics of the 2016 flash flood. In 2016, the deaths due to flash floods were severe and concentrated, accounting for about half of the elderly and children. Hebei and Fujian provinces were most affected by flash floods. The disasters mainly occurred in July and the major types were river floods. Despite the frequent torrential rains, inadequate monitoring and early warning systems made the flash flooding condition even worse in 2016. View Full-Text
Keywords: flash flood; characteristic; fatality; China flash flood; characteristic; fatality; China

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, M.; He, B.; Wan, J.; Jia, P.; Guo, X.; Gao, L.; Maguire, L.W.; Hong, Y. Characterizing the Flash Flooding Risks from 2011 to 2016 over China. Water 2018, 10, 704.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top