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Article

Mitochondrial Genomes Yield Insights into the Basal Lineages of Ichneumonid Wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae)

1
State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
Institute of Insect Sciences, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
3
Department of Entomology, College of Plant Protection, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
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Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Biology of Crop Pathogens and Insects, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
5
Ministry of Agriculture Key Lab of Molecular Biology of Crop Pathogens and Insects, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alfred M. Handler
Genes 2022, 13(2), 218; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes13020218
Received: 1 December 2021 / Revised: 26 December 2021 / Accepted: 19 January 2022 / Published: 25 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Genetics and Genomics)
We obtained four mitochondrial genomes of Odontocolon sp., Xorides funiuensis, Euceros kiushuensis and Euceros serricornis, which represent the first two representatives from subfamily Eucerotinae and Xoridinae (Ichneumonidae), respectively. All of the 4 newly sequenced mitochondrial genomes contain 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs) and most 24 RNA genes. Furthermore, they all have novel tRNA rearrangement patterns comparing with published mitogenomes in Ichneumonidae. For the tRNA cluster trnI-trnQ-trnM, X. funiuensis is shuffled as trnM-trnI-trnQ with trnQ inversed, while Odontocolon sp. with a remote translocation of trnK, shuffling as trnI-trnM-trnQ. E. kiushuensis and E. serricornis shared the same cluster trnQ-trnY-trnW-trnC. Finally, we reconstructed the phylogenetic relationships among the sequenced subfamilies of Ichneumonidae based on nucleotides and amino acids sequences of 13 PCGs in mitochondrial genomes, and the results of both the maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference analyses highly support that Eucerotinae is the basal ichneumonid lineage rather than Xoridinae. View Full-Text
Keywords: mitochondrial genome; gene rearrangement; ichneumonid wasps; Eucerotinae; Xoridinae; phylogeny mitochondrial genome; gene rearrangement; ichneumonid wasps; Eucerotinae; Xoridinae; phylogeny
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zheng, B.; Han, Y.; Yuan, R.; Liu, J.; Tang, P.; van Achterberg, C.; Chen, X. Mitochondrial Genomes Yield Insights into the Basal Lineages of Ichneumonid Wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Genes 2022, 13, 218. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes13020218

AMA Style

Zheng B, Han Y, Yuan R, Liu J, Tang P, van Achterberg C, Chen X. Mitochondrial Genomes Yield Insights into the Basal Lineages of Ichneumonid Wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Genes. 2022; 13(2):218. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes13020218

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zheng, Boying, Yuanyuan Han, Ruizhong Yuan, Jingxian Liu, Pu Tang, Cornelis van Achterberg, and Xuexin Chen. 2022. "Mitochondrial Genomes Yield Insights into the Basal Lineages of Ichneumonid Wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae)" Genes 13, no. 2: 218. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes13020218

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