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Open AccessArticle

Aliarcobacter butzleri from Water Poultry: Insights into Antimicrobial Resistance, Virulence and Heavy Metal Resistance

Institute of Bacterial Infections and Zoonoses (IBIZ), Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, 07743 Jena, Germany
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Genes 2020, 11(9), 1104; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11091104
Received: 28 July 2020 / Revised: 14 September 2020 / Accepted: 16 September 2020 / Published: 21 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Microbial Genetics and Genomics)
Aliarcobacter butzleri is the most prevalent Aliarcobacter species and has been isolated from a wide variety of sources. This species is an emerging foodborne and zoonotic pathogen because the bacteria can be transmitted by contaminated food or water and can cause acute enteritis in humans. Currently, there is no database to identify antimicrobial/heavy metal resistance and virulence-associated genes specific for A. butzleri. The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial susceptibility and resistance profile of two A. butzleri isolates from Muscovy ducks (Cairina moschata) reared on a water poultry farm in Thuringia, Germany, and to create a database to fill this capability gap. The taxonomic classification revealed that the isolates belong to the Aliarcobacter gen. nov. as A. butzleri comb. nov. The antibiotic susceptibility was determined using the gradient strip method. While one of the isolates was resistant to five antibiotics, the other isolate was resistant to only two antibiotics. The presence of antimicrobial/heavy metal resistance genes and virulence determinants was determined using two custom-made databases. The custom-made databases identified a large repertoire of potential resistance and virulence-associated genes. This study provides the first resistance and virulence determinants database for A. butzleri. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aliarcobacter; emerging pathogen; antibiotic susceptibility; whole-genome sequencing; antimicrobial resistance; virulence; heavy metal Aliarcobacter; emerging pathogen; antibiotic susceptibility; whole-genome sequencing; antimicrobial resistance; virulence; heavy metal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Müller, E.; Abdel-Glil, M.Y.; Hotzel, H.; Hänel, I.; Tomaso, H. Aliarcobacter butzleri from Water Poultry: Insights into Antimicrobial Resistance, Virulence and Heavy Metal Resistance. Genes 2020, 11, 1104. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11091104

AMA Style

Müller E, Abdel-Glil MY, Hotzel H, Hänel I, Tomaso H. Aliarcobacter butzleri from Water Poultry: Insights into Antimicrobial Resistance, Virulence and Heavy Metal Resistance. Genes. 2020; 11(9):1104. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11091104

Chicago/Turabian Style

Müller, Eva; Abdel-Glil, Mostafa Y.; Hotzel, Helmut; Hänel, Ingrid; Tomaso, Herbert. 2020. "Aliarcobacter butzleri from Water Poultry: Insights into Antimicrobial Resistance, Virulence and Heavy Metal Resistance" Genes 11, no. 9: 1104. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11091104

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