Next Article in Journal
Biopolymer Blends Based on Poly (lactic acid): Shear and Elongation Rheology/Structure/Blowing Process Relationships
Previous Article in Journal
Synthesis and Thermosensitive Behavior of Polyacrylamide Copolymers and Their Applications in Smart Textiles
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Polymers 2015, 7(5), 921-938;

Synthesis of β-cyclodextrin-Based Star Block Copolymers with Thermo-Responsive Behavior

Organic and Macromolecular Chemistry, Chemistry Department, University of Paderborn, 33098 Paderborn, Germany
Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Münster, Corrensstr. 30, D-48149 Münster, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexander Böker
Received: 18 March 2015 / Revised: 23 April 2015 / Accepted: 27 April 2015 / Published: 6 May 2015
Full-Text   |   PDF [1411 KB, uploaded 6 May 2015]   |  


Star polymers are one example of three-dimensional macromolecules containing several arms with similar molecular weight connected to a central core. Due to their compact structure and their enhanced segment density in comparison to linear polymers of the same molecular weight, they have attracted significant attention during recent years. The preparation of block-arm star copolymers with a permanently hydrophilic block and an “environmentally” sensitive block, which can change its nature from hydrophilic to hydrophobic, leads to nanometer-sized responsive materials with unique properties. These polymers are able to undergo a conformational change or phase transition as a reply to an external stimulus resulting in the formation of core–shell nanoparticles, which further tend to aggregate. Star-shaped copolymers with different cores were synthesized via atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). The core-first method chosen as synthetic strategy allows good control over the polymer architecture. First of all the multifunctional initiators were prepared by esterification reaction of the hydroxyl groups with 2-chloropropionyl chloride. Using β-cyclodextrin as core molecules, which possess a well-defined number of functional groups up to 21, allows defining the number of arms per star polymer. In order to prepare stimuli-responsive multi-arm copolymers, containing a stimuli-responsive (poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm)) and a non-responsive block (poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide) (PDMAAm)), consecutive ATRP was carried out. The polymers were characterized intensively using NMR spectroscopy and size exclusion chromatography (SEC), whereas the temperature-depending aggregation behavior in aqueous solution was determined via turbidimetry and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). View Full-Text
Keywords: ATRP; star block copolymers; β-cyclodextrin; NIPAAm; DMAAm ATRP; star block copolymers; β-cyclodextrin; NIPAAm; DMAAm

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wycisk, A.; Döring, A.; Schneider, M.; Schönhoff, M.; Kuckling, D. Synthesis of β-cyclodextrin-Based Star Block Copolymers with Thermo-Responsive Behavior. Polymers 2015, 7, 921-938.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Polymers EISSN 2073-4360 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top