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Review

Eco-Sustainability of the Textile Production: Waste Recovery and Current Recycling in the Composites World

1
Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture (DICAr), University of Catania, Viale Andrea Doria 6, 95125 Catania, Italy
2
CRdC Nuove Tecnologie per le Attività Produttive Scarl, Via Nuova Agnano 11, 80125 Naples, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2021, 13(1), 134; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13010134
Received: 11 December 2020 / Revised: 28 December 2020 / Accepted: 28 December 2020 / Published: 30 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Recycling: Degradation, Processing, Applications)
This work aimed to review the recent scientific research, focused on the application of recycled fibers, taken from textile waste, in the field of composite materials to fulfill the eco-sustainability requirements of textile manufacturing, and promote actions for a circular economy. The yarns and fabric production represent one of the most polluting processes of the industrial world. The harmful environmental impact of the textile process has been described by reporting the different treatments involving the raw material and the filament fabrication, and concerning the uses of insecticides, fertilizers, and many other chemicals for improving the quality of the final products. In addition, solid textile waste constituted a further additional issue for the environmental sustainability of fabric production. Various strategies have been discussed and in part already adopted by many companies to recover waste fibers and prevent them from ending up in landfills. The alternatives of fiber recycling for composite realization have been presented by reporting several recent studies involving the uses of recycled fibers from the textile waste embedded in different matrices: thermoplastic polymer, thermosetting resins, natural constituents, and concrete in light of specific applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: textile productive process; environmental impact; recycling; composites textile productive process; environmental impact; recycling; composites
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MDPI and ACS Style

Patti, A.; Cicala, G.; Acierno, D. Eco-Sustainability of the Textile Production: Waste Recovery and Current Recycling in the Composites World. Polymers 2021, 13, 134. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13010134

AMA Style

Patti A, Cicala G, Acierno D. Eco-Sustainability of the Textile Production: Waste Recovery and Current Recycling in the Composites World. Polymers. 2021; 13(1):134. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13010134

Chicago/Turabian Style

Patti, Antonella, Gianluca Cicala, and Domenico Acierno. 2021. "Eco-Sustainability of the Textile Production: Waste Recovery and Current Recycling in the Composites World" Polymers 13, no. 1: 134. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13010134

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