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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Thermally-Accelerated Aging on the Dynamic Mechanical Properties of HTPB Coating and Crosslinking Density-Modified Model for the Payne Effect

Shijiazhuang Campus, Army Engineering University, Shijiazhuang 050003, China
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Polymers 2020, 12(2), 403; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12020403
Received: 2 January 2020 / Revised: 3 February 2020 / Accepted: 6 February 2020 / Published: 11 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mechanical Behavior of Polymers)
Hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) coating is widely used in a solid rocket motor, but an aging phenomenon exists during long-term storage, which causes irreversible damage to the performance of this HTPB coating. In order to study the effect of aging on the dynamic mechanical properties of the HTPB coating, the thermally-accelerated aging test was carried out. The variation of maximum elongation and crosslinking density with aging time was obtained, and a good linear relationship between maximum elongation and crosslinking density was found by correlation analysis. The changing regularity of dynamic mechanical properties with aging time was analyzed. It was found that with the increase of aging time, Tg of HTPB coating increased, Tα, tan β and tan α decreased, and the functional relationships between the loss factor parameters and crosslinking density were constructed. The storage modulus and loss modulus of HTPB coating increased with the increase of aging time, and decreased with the increase of pre-strain. The aging enhanced the Payne effect of HTPB coating, while the pre-strain had a weakening effect. In view of the Payne effect of HTPB coating, the crosslinking density was introduced into Kraus model as aging evaluation parameter, and the crosslinking density modified models with and without pre-strain were established. The proposed models can effectively solve the problem that the Kraus model has a poor fitting effect under the condition of small strain (generally less than 1%) and on the loss modulus, which have improved the correlations between the fitting results and the test results.
Keywords: HTPB coating; thermal accelerated aging; dynamic mechanical property; Payne effect; crosslinking density modified model HTPB coating; thermal accelerated aging; dynamic mechanical property; Payne effect; crosslinking density modified model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Du, Y.; Zheng, J.; Yu, G. Influence of Thermally-Accelerated Aging on the Dynamic Mechanical Properties of HTPB Coating and Crosslinking Density-Modified Model for the Payne Effect. Polymers 2020, 12, 403.

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