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Review

Biorefinery Approach for Aerogels

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MINES ParisTech, Center for Materials Forming (CEMEF), PSL Research University, UMR CNRS 7635, CS 10207, 06904 Sophia Antipolis, France
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Faculty of Materials Science and Applied Chemistry, Institute of Polymer Materials, Riga Technical University, P.Valdena 3/7, LV, 1048 Riga, Latvia
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Division of Materials Science, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, SE-971 87 Luleå, Sweden
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Bioagres Group, Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Science, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus of Rabanales, 14014 Córdoba, Spain
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Department of Agroecology and Plant Production, Faculty of Agriculture and Economics, University of Agriculture, Aleja Mickieiwcza 21, 31-120 Kraków, Poland
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Academic Centre for Materials and Nanotechnology, AGH University of Science and Technology, al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
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Department of Chemistry, Institute for Chemistry of Renewable Resources, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Konrad Lorenz Straße 24, A-3430 Tulln an der Donau, Austria
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CEITEC-VUT Central European Institute of Technology—Brno university of Technology, Purkyňova 123, 612 00 Brno-Královo Pole, Czech Republic
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(12), 2779; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12122779
Received: 30 October 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 21 November 2020 / Published: 24 November 2020
According to the International Energy Agency, biorefinery is “the sustainable processing of biomass into a spectrum of marketable bio-based products (chemicals, materials) and bioenergy (fuels, power, heat)”. In this review, we survey how the biorefinery approach can be applied to highly porous and nanostructured materials, namely aerogels. Historically, aerogels were first developed using inorganic matter. Subsequently, synthetic polymers were also employed. At the beginning of the 21st century, new aerogels were created based on biomass. Which sources of biomass can be used to make aerogels and how? This review answers these questions, paying special attention to bio-aerogels’ environmental and biomedical applications. The article is a result of fruitful exchanges in the frame of the European project COST Action “CA 18125 AERoGELS: Advanced Engineering and Research of aeroGels for Environment and Life Sciences”. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; aerogel; lignocellulose; cellulose; nanocellulose; starch; chitosan; alginate; pectin; carrageenan biomass; aerogel; lignocellulose; cellulose; nanocellulose; starch; chitosan; alginate; pectin; carrageenan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Budtova, T.; Aguilera, D.A.; Beluns, S.; Berglund, L.; Chartier, C.; Espinosa, E.; Gaidukovs, S.; Klimek-Kopyra, A.; Kmita, A.; Lachowicz, D.; Liebner, F.; Platnieks, O.; Rodríguez, A.; Tinoco Navarro, L.K.; Zou, F.; Buwalda, S.J. Biorefinery Approach for Aerogels. Polymers 2020, 12, 2779. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12122779

AMA Style

Budtova T, Aguilera DA, Beluns S, Berglund L, Chartier C, Espinosa E, Gaidukovs S, Klimek-Kopyra A, Kmita A, Lachowicz D, Liebner F, Platnieks O, Rodríguez A, Tinoco Navarro LK, Zou F, Buwalda SJ. Biorefinery Approach for Aerogels. Polymers. 2020; 12(12):2779. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12122779

Chicago/Turabian Style

Budtova, Tatiana, Daniel A. Aguilera, Sergejs Beluns, Linn Berglund, Coraline Chartier, Eduardo Espinosa, Sergejs Gaidukovs, Agnieszka Klimek-Kopyra, Angelika Kmita, Dorota Lachowicz, Falk Liebner, Oskars Platnieks, Alejandro Rodríguez, Lizeth K. Tinoco Navarro, Fangxin Zou, and Sytze J. Buwalda. 2020. "Biorefinery Approach for Aerogels" Polymers 12, no. 12: 2779. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12122779

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