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Carbon Nanotube versus Graphene Nanoribbon: Impact of Nanofiller Geometry on Electromagnetic Interference Shielding of Polyvinylidene Fluoride Nanocomposites
Open AccessArticle

Piezoelectric Response in Hybrid Micropillar Arrays of Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) and Reduced Graphene Oxide

Physical Materials Science and Composite Materials Centre, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
Institute for Materials Science and Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CENIDE), University of Duisburg-Essen, 45141 Essen, Germany
School of Engineering and Materials Science, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, UK
University of Cologne, 50923 Cologne, Germany
FEMTO-ST Institute, 25000 Besançon, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(6), 1065;
Received: 8 May 2019 / Revised: 12 June 2019 / Accepted: 17 June 2019 / Published: 20 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Micro- and Nano-Fabrication Approaches for Polymers)
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This study was dedicated to the investigation of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) micropillar arrays obtained by soft lithography followed by phase inversion at a low temperature. Reduced graphene oxide (rGO) was incorporated into the PVDF as a nucleating filler. The piezoelectric properties of the PVDF-rGO composite micropillars were explored via piezo-response force microscopy (PFM). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that α, β, and γ phases co-existed in all studied samples, with a predominance of the γ phase. The piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) data provided the local piezoelectric response of the PVDF micropillars, which exhibited a temperature-induced downward dipole orientation in the pristine PVDF micropillars. The addition of rGO into the PVDF matrix resulted in a change in the preferred polarization direction, and the piezo-response phase angle changed from −120° to 20°–40°. The pristine PVDF and PVDF loaded with 0.1 wt % of rGO after low-temperature quenching were found to possess a piezoelectric response of 86 and 87 pm/V respectively, which are significantly higher than the |d33eff| in the case of imprinted PVDF 64 pm/V. Thus, the addition of rGO significantly affected the domain orientation (polarization) while quenching increased the piezoelectric response. View Full-Text
Keywords: piezoelectric response; reduced graphene oxide; poly(vinylidene fluoride); hybrid film piezoelectric response; reduced graphene oxide; poly(vinylidene fluoride); hybrid film

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Pariy, I.O.; Ivanova, A.A.; Shvartsman, V.V.; Lupascu, D.C.; Sukhorukov, G.B.; Ludwig, T.; Bartasyte, A.; Mathur, S.; Surmeneva, M.A.; Surmenev, R.A. Piezoelectric Response in Hybrid Micropillar Arrays of Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) and Reduced Graphene Oxide. Polymers 2019, 11, 1065.

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