Development of Bio-Based Films and 3D Objects from Apple Pomace
AbstractExtensive quantities of apple pomace are generated annually but its disposal is still challenging. This study addresses this issue by introducing a new, environmentally-friendly approach for the production of sustainable biomaterials from apple pomace, containing 55.47% free sugars and a water insoluble fraction, containing 29.42 ± 0.44% hemicelluloses, 38.99 ± 0.42% cellulose, and 22.94 ± 0.12% lignin. Solution casting and compression molding were applied to form bio-based films and 3D objects (i.e., fiberboards), respectively. Using glycerol as plasticizer resulted in highly compact films with high tensile strength and low elongation (16.49 ± 2.54 MPa and 10.78 ± 3.19%, respectively). In contrast, naturally occurring sugars in the apple pomace showed stronger plasticizing effect in the films and resulted in a fluffier and connected structure with significantly higher elongation (37.39 ± 10.38% and 55.41 ± 5.38%, respectively). Benefiting from the self-binding capacity of polysaccharides, fiberboards were prepared by compression molding at 100 °C using glycerol or naturally occurring sugars, such as plasticizer. The obtained fiberboards exhibited tensile strength of 3.02–5.79 MPa and elongation of 0.93%–1.56%. Possible applications for apple pomace biomaterials are edible/disposable tableware or food packaging. View Full-Text
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Gustafsson, J.; Landberg, M.; Bátori, V.; Åkesson, D.; Taherzadeh, M.J.; Zamani, A. Development of Bio-Based Films and 3D Objects from Apple Pomace. Polymers 2019, 11, 289.
Gustafsson J, Landberg M, Bátori V, Åkesson D, Taherzadeh MJ, Zamani A. Development of Bio-Based Films and 3D Objects from Apple Pomace. Polymers. 2019; 11(2):289.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gustafsson, Jesper; Landberg, Mikael; Bátori, Veronika; Åkesson, Dan; Taherzadeh, Mohammad J.; Zamani, Akram. 2019. "Development of Bio-Based Films and 3D Objects from Apple Pomace." Polymers 11, no. 2: 289.
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