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Polymers 2018, 10(8), 856; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10080856

A Novel Technique for Fiber Formation: Mechanotropic Spinning—Principle and Realization

A.V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences 29, Leninsky prospect, Moscow 119991, Russia
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Received: 28 June 2018 / Revised: 26 July 2018 / Accepted: 27 July 2018 / Published: 2 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Model-Based Polymer Processing)
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Abstract

We present basic experimental data and the theoretical background of a novel technique for fiber spinning from polymer solutions. The principal feature of the advanced process is realization of phase separation with detachment of a solvent, accompanied by the orientation of macromolecules, under the action of high extension rates. This is similar in some respects to dry spinning, though the driving force is not diffusion with subsequent evaporation of a solvent but redistribution of polymer-solvent interactions in favor of polymer-polymer and solvent-solvent ones governed by mechanical stresses. A promise of this approach has been demonstrated by experiments performed with polyacrylonitrile solutions in different solvents and solutions of the rigid-chain aromatic polyamide. We examined mechanotropic fiber spinning in model experiments with stretching jets from a drop of polymer solution in different conditions, and then demonstrated the possibility of realizing this process in the stable long-term continuous mode. During extension, phase separation happens throughout the whole section of a jet, as was confirmed by visual observation. Then a solvent diffuses on a jet surface, forming a liquid shell on the oriented fiber. Instability of this cover due to surface tension leads either to formation of separate solvent drops “seating” on the fiber or to the flow of a solvent down to the Taylor cone. The separate liquid droplets can be easily taken off a fiber. The physics underlying this process is related to the analysis of the influence of macromolecule coil-to-stretched chain transition on the intermolecular interaction. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer solutions; fiber spinning; polyacrylonitrile; aromatic polyamide; uniaxial extension; phase separation polymer solutions; fiber spinning; polyacrylonitrile; aromatic polyamide; uniaxial extension; phase separation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kulichikhin, V.G.; Skvortsov, I.Y.; Subbotin, A.V.; Kotomin, S.V.; Malkin, A.Y. A Novel Technique for Fiber Formation: Mechanotropic Spinning—Principle and Realization. Polymers 2018, 10, 856.

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