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Polymers 2018, 10(7), 771; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10070771

Enhanced Properties of Biodegradable Poly(Propylene Carbonate)/Polyvinyl Formal Blends by Melting Compounding

1
The Key Laboratory of Low-carbon Chemistry & Energy Conservation of Guangdong Province/State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
2
School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
3
Shenzhen Beauty Star Co., Ltd., Shenzhen 518112, China
These authors have contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 May 2018 / Revised: 3 July 2018 / Accepted: 10 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymers for Packaging Applications)
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Abstract

Polyvinyl formal (PVF) was first synthesized via the reaction of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and formaldehyde. The synthesized PVF exhibits a high decomposition temperature, glass transition temperature, and low melting point compared to pristine PVA. The synthesized PVF can be melt processed at temperatures much lower than PVA. Poly(propylene carbonate) (PPC) and the as-made PVF were melt blended in a Haake mixer. The mechanical properties, thermal behaviors, and morphologies of PPC/PVF blends were investigated. Compared to the pure PPC, PPC/PVF blends show higher tensile strength and Vicat softening temperature. Thermogravimetric (TGA) result reveals that the thermal stabilities of PPC/PVF blends decreased with the increase of the content of PVF. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation indicates that the interfacial compatibility of the PVF and PPC matrix is better than that of the PVA and PPC matrix. The PPC/PVF blends show much better comprehensive properties compared to pure commercial PPC, which provides a practical way to extend the application of PPC copolymer. View Full-Text
Keywords: poly(propylene carbonate); poly(vinyl formal); poly(vinyl alcohol); blends poly(propylene carbonate); poly(vinyl formal); poly(vinyl alcohol); blends
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Han, D.; Guo, Z.; Chen, S.; Xiao, M.; Peng, X.; Wang, S.; Meng, Y. Enhanced Properties of Biodegradable Poly(Propylene Carbonate)/Polyvinyl Formal Blends by Melting Compounding. Polymers 2018, 10, 771.

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