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Eco-Friendly and Highly Efficient Enzyme-Based Wool Shrinkproofing Finishing by Multiple Padding Techniques

1
School of Textiles, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, China
2
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430073, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2018, 10(11), 1213; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10111213
Received: 10 October 2018 / Revised: 27 October 2018 / Accepted: 28 October 2018 / Published: 31 October 2018
Wool fibers usually need shrinkproofing finishing. The enzyme process is an eco-friendly technology but the traditional exhaustion treatment usually takes excessive time. This study developed a novel multiple padding shrinkproofing process of wool with Savinase 16L and an organic phosphine compound {[HO(CH2)n]3P, n ∈ (1, 10)}. SEM and XPS analyses were employed to compare the wool treated respectively by exhaustion and by padding to reveal the effect of multiple padding. The results showed that treated wool fiber achieved the requirement of machine-washable (area shrinkage less than 8% according to standard TM 31 5 × 5A) in 2.5 min by the padding process. The padding process can control the adsorbance of enzyme on wool, which makes treatment more uniform and avoids strong damage of the wool. Also, the removal efficiency of the disulfide bond was about 15 times as much as in the exhaustion treatment in 2.5 min. The average catalytic rate of the padding process was 14 times faster than the exhaustion process, and the process time (2.5 min) decreased by 32.5 min compared with the exhaustion process (35 min). Multiple padding techniques can achieve continuous production and replace the environmentally harmful chlorination process. Our results provide the underlying insights needed to guide the research of the enzyme process application. View Full-Text
Keywords: enzyme; wool; activator; shrinkproofing; padding enzyme; wool; activator; shrinkproofing; padding
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, L.; Yao, J.; Niu, J.; Liu, J.; Li, B.; Feng, M. Eco-Friendly and Highly Efficient Enzyme-Based Wool Shrinkproofing Finishing by Multiple Padding Techniques. Polymers 2018, 10, 1213.

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