Next Article in Journal
Effect of Thioridazine on Erythrocytes
Previous Article in Journal
Aflatoxin, Fumonisin and Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Infections in Calves and the Effectiveness of Celmanax®/Dairyman’s Choice™ Applications to Eliminate Morbidity and Mortality Losses
Previous Article in Special Issue
Saporin-S6: A Useful Tool in Cancer Therapy
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview

Cyanobacteria and Cyanotoxins: From Impacts on Aquatic Ecosystems and Human Health to Anticarcinogenic Effects

Universitary Center of Brasilia—UniCEUB—SEPN 707/907, Asa Norte, Brasília, CEP 70790-075, Brasília, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2013, 5(10), 1896-1917;
Received: 11 August 2013 / Revised: 15 October 2013 / Accepted: 17 October 2013 / Published: 23 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Toxins and Carcinogenesis)
PDF [255 KB, uploaded 23 October 2013]


Cyanobacteria or blue-green algae are among the pioneer organisms of planet Earth. They developed an efficient photosynthetic capacity and played a significant role in the evolution of the early atmosphere. Essential for the development and evolution of species, they proliferate easily in aquatic environments, primarily due to human activities. Eutrophic environments are conducive to the appearance of cyanobacterial blooms that not only affect water quality, but also produce highly toxic metabolites. Poisoning and serious chronic effects in humans, such as cancer, have been described. On the other hand, many cyanobacterial genera have been studied for their toxins with anticancer potential in human cell lines, generating promising results for future research toward controlling human adenocarcinomas. This review presents the knowledge that has evolved on the topic of toxins produced by cyanobacteria, ranging from their negative impacts to their benefits. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyanobacteria; proliferation; cyanotoxins; toxicity; cancer cyanobacteria; proliferation; cyanotoxins; toxicity; cancer
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zanchett, G.; Oliveira-Filho, E.C. Cyanobacteria and Cyanotoxins: From Impacts on Aquatic Ecosystems and Human Health to Anticarcinogenic Effects. Toxins 2013, 5, 1896-1917.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top