Quercetin-3-Rutinoside Blocks the Disassembly of Cholera Toxin by Protein Disulfide Isomerase
AbstractProtein disulfide isomerase (PDI) is mainly located in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) but is also secreted into the bloodstream where its oxidoreductase activity is involved with thrombus formation. Quercetin-3-rutinoside (Q3R) blocks this activity, but its inhibitory mechanism against PDI is not fully understood. Here, we examined the potential inhibitory effect of Q3R on another process that requires PDI: disassembly of the multimeric cholera toxin (CT). In the ER, PDI physically displaces the reduced CTA1 subunit from its non-covalent assembly in the CT holotoxin. This is followed by CTA1 dislocation from the ER to the cytosol where the toxin interacts with its G protein target for a cytopathic effect. Q3R blocked the conformational change in PDI that accompanies its binding to CTA1, which, in turn, prevented PDI from displacing CTA1 from its holotoxin and generated a toxin-resistant phenotype. Other steps of the CT intoxication process were not affected by Q3R, including PDI binding to CTA1 and CT reduction by PDI. Additional experiments with the B chain of ricin toxin found that Q3R could also disrupt PDI function through the loss of substrate binding. Q3R can thus inhibit PDI function through distinct mechanisms in a substrate-dependent manner. View Full-Text
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Guyette, J.; Cherubin, P.; Serrano, A.; Taylor, M.; Abedin, F.; O’Donnell, M.; Burress, H.; Tatulian, S.A.; Teter, K. Quercetin-3-Rutinoside Blocks the Disassembly of Cholera Toxin by Protein Disulfide Isomerase. Toxins 2019, 11, 458.
Guyette J, Cherubin P, Serrano A, Taylor M, Abedin F, O’Donnell M, Burress H, Tatulian SA, Teter K. Quercetin-3-Rutinoside Blocks the Disassembly of Cholera Toxin by Protein Disulfide Isomerase. Toxins. 2019; 11(8):458.Chicago/Turabian Style
Guyette, Jessica; Cherubin, Patrick; Serrano, Albert; Taylor, Michael; Abedin, Faisal; O’Donnell, Morgan; Burress, Helen; Tatulian, Suren A.; Teter, Ken. 2019. "Quercetin-3-Rutinoside Blocks the Disassembly of Cholera Toxin by Protein Disulfide Isomerase." Toxins 11, no. 8: 458.
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