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Long-Term Results of Tinnitus Retraining Therapy in Patients Who Failed to Complete the Program

Section of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Medicine, University of Perugia, 06123 Perugia, Italy
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Audiol. Res. 2021, 11(1), 1-9; https://doi.org/10.3390/audiolres11010001
Received: 6 May 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 7 January 2021 / Published: 12 January 2021
Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the results of Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) in patients who did not complete the program. Methods: We divided 90 patients who failed to complete the TRT program were into 3 groups: 36 patients who only completed the first phase of the TRT program (Missing group; M), 34 patients who attended counselling for less than 6 months (Noncompliant group; NC) and 20 patients who attended counselling for more than 6 months but did not complete the TRT program (Compliant group; C). The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), tinnitus Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) and a questionnaire regarding the reasons for dropout were obtained through a telephone survey. Results: Telephonic THI and VAS scores were significantly lower than the initial scores in the M and C groups but not in the NC group. Patients who were unsure about the effectiveness of TRT were prevalent in the NC group, and the poorest long-term THI results were registered in those patients. Conclusions: A fundamental cause of very poor TRT results was when patients were unsure about TRT. On the other hand, a single counselling session could be effective in reducing tinnitus annoyance in patients who accepted the TRT approach and trusted its efficacy. View Full-Text
Keywords: tinnitus; TRT; follow-up; missing tinnitus; TRT; follow-up; missing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lapenna, R.; Molini, E.; Cipriani, L.; Del Zompo, M.R.; Giommetti, G.; Faralli, M.; Ricci, G. Long-Term Results of Tinnitus Retraining Therapy in Patients Who Failed to Complete the Program. Audiol. Res. 2021, 11, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3390/audiolres11010001

AMA Style

Lapenna R, Molini E, Cipriani L, Del Zompo MR, Giommetti G, Faralli M, Ricci G. Long-Term Results of Tinnitus Retraining Therapy in Patients Who Failed to Complete the Program. Audiology Research. 2021; 11(1):1-9. https://doi.org/10.3390/audiolres11010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lapenna, Ruggero, Egisto Molini, Laura Cipriani, Maria R. Del Zompo, Giorgia Giommetti, Mario Faralli, and Giampietro Ricci. 2021. "Long-Term Results of Tinnitus Retraining Therapy in Patients Who Failed to Complete the Program" Audiology Research 11, no. 1: 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3390/audiolres11010001

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