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Future Internet 2019, 11(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/fi11010001

Broadening Understanding on Managing the Communication Infrastructure in Vehicular Networks: Customizing the Coverage Using the Delta Network

1
Departamento de Tecnologia, Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei (DTECH/UFSJ), Ouro Branco 36420-000, MG, Brazil
2
Departamento de Computação, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto (DECOM/UFOP), Ouro Preto 35400-000, MG, Brazil
3
Departamento de Computação, Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica de Minas Gerais (DECOM/CEFET-MG), Belo Horizonte 30510-000, MG, Brazil
4
Department of Computer Science, University of Cyprus, Nicosia 2109, Cyprus
Current address: Rod. MG-443 km 7, Fazenda do Cadete, Ouro Branco-MG, room 107.2, CE 36420-000, Brazil.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 November 2018 / Revised: 3 December 2018 / Accepted: 5 December 2018 / Published: 20 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 5G Network Solutions for Automotive Services)
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Abstract

Over the past few decades, the growth of the urban population has been remarkable. Nowadays, 50% of the population lives in urban areas, and forecasts point that by 2050 this number will reach 70%. Today, 64% of all travel made is within urban environments and the total amount of urban kilometers traveled is expected to triple by 2050. Thus, seeking novel solutions for urban mobility becomes paramount for 21st century society. In this work, we discuss the performance of vehicular networks. We consider the metric Delta Network. The Delta Network characterizes the connectivity of the vehicular network through the percentage of travel time in which vehicles are connected to roadside units. This article reviews the concept of the Delta Network and extends its study through the presentation of a general heuristic based on the definition of scores to identify the areas of the road network that should receive coverage. After defining the general heuristic, we show how small changes in the score computation can generate very distinct (and interesting) patterns of coverage, each one suited to a given scenario. In order to exemplify such behavior, we propose three deployment strategies based on simply changing the computation of scores. We compare the proposed strategies to the intuitive strategy of allocating communication units at the most popular zones of the road network. Experiments show that the strategies derived from the general heuristic provide higher coverage than the intuitive strategy when using the same number of communication devices. Moreover, the resulting pattern of coverage is very interesting, with roadside units deployed a circle pattern around the traffic epicenter. View Full-Text
Keywords: vehicular networks; performance management; design of vehicular networks; mobile networks; vehicle-to-infrastructure; roadside units; infrastructure for vehicular networks vehicular networks; performance management; design of vehicular networks; mobile networks; vehicle-to-infrastructure; roadside units; infrastructure for vehicular networks
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Silva, C.M.; Silva, L.D.; Santos, L.A.L.; Sarubbi, J.F.M.; Pitsillides, A. Broadening Understanding on Managing the Communication Infrastructure in Vehicular Networks: Customizing the Coverage Using the Delta Network. Future Internet 2019, 11, 1.

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