Tight Junctions Go Viral!
AbstractTight junctions (TJs) are highly specialized membrane domains involved in many important cellular processes such as the regulation of the passage of ions and macromolecules across the paracellular space and the establishment of cell polarity in epithelial cells. Over the past few years there has been increasing evidence that different components of the TJs can be hijacked by viruses in order to complete their infectious cycle. Viruses from at least nine different families of DNA and RNA viruses have been reported to use TJ proteins in their benefit. For example, TJ proteins such as JAM-A or some members of the claudin family of proteins are used by members of the Reoviridae family and hepatitis C virus as receptors or co-receptors during their entry into their host cells. Reovirus, in addition, takes advantage of the TJ protein Junction Adhesion Molecule-A (JAM-A) to achieve its hematogenous dissemination. Some other viruses are capable of regulating the expression or the localization of TJ proteins to induce cell transformation or to improve the efficiency of their exit process. This review encompasses the importance of TJs for viral entry, replication, dissemination, and egress, and makes a clear statement of the importance of studying these proteins to gain a better understanding of the replication strategies used by viruses that infect epithelial and/or endothelial cells. View Full-Text
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Torres-Flores, J.M.; Arias, C.F. Tight Junctions Go Viral! Viruses 2015, 7, 5145-5154.
Torres-Flores JM, Arias CF. Tight Junctions Go Viral! Viruses. 2015; 7(9):5145-5154.Chicago/Turabian Style
Torres-Flores, Jesús M.; Arias, Carlos F. 2015. "Tight Junctions Go Viral!" Viruses 7, no. 9: 5145-5154.