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Evolution of Specific Antibodies and Proviral DNA in Milk of Small Ruminants Infected by Small Ruminant Lentivirus
 
 
Review

Immunogenetics of Small Ruminant Lentiviral Infections

1
Centre for the Genetic Improvement of Livestock, Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
2
Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2014, 6(8), 3311-3333; https://doi.org/10.3390/v6083311
Received: 23 May 2014 / Revised: 18 August 2014 / Accepted: 19 August 2014 / Published: 22 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Small Ruminant Lentiviruses)
The small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLV) include the caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV) and the Maedi-Visna virus (MVV). Both of these viruses limit production and can be a major source of economic loss to producers. Little is known about how the immune system recognizes and responds to SRLVs, but due to similarities with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), HIV research can shed light on the possible immune mechanisms that control or lead to disease progression. This review will focus on the host immune response to HIV-1 and SRLV, and will discuss the possibility of breeding for enhanced SRLV disease resistance. View Full-Text
Keywords: SRLV; immune response; genetic selection SRLV; immune response; genetic selection
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stonos, N.; Wootton, S.K.; Karrow, N. Immunogenetics of Small Ruminant Lentiviral Infections. Viruses 2014, 6, 3311-3333. https://doi.org/10.3390/v6083311

AMA Style

Stonos N, Wootton SK, Karrow N. Immunogenetics of Small Ruminant Lentiviral Infections. Viruses. 2014; 6(8):3311-3333. https://doi.org/10.3390/v6083311

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stonos, Nancy, Sarah K. Wootton, and Niel Karrow. 2014. "Immunogenetics of Small Ruminant Lentiviral Infections" Viruses 6, no. 8: 3311-3333. https://doi.org/10.3390/v6083311

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