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Identification of RUVBL1 and RUVBL2 as Novel Cellular Interactors of the Ebola Virus Nucleoprotein

1
Department of Pathology & Microbiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-5900, USA
2
United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD 21702-5011, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2019, 11(4), 372; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11040372
Received: 21 February 2019 / Revised: 15 April 2019 / Accepted: 19 April 2019 / Published: 23 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Viruses)
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Abstract

Ebola virus (EBOV) is a filovirus that has become a global public health threat in recent years. EBOV is the causative agent of a severe, often fatal hemorrhagic fever. A productive viral infection relies on the successful recruitment of host factors for various stages of the viral life cycle. To date, several investigations have discovered specific host-pathogen interactions for various EBOV proteins. However, relatively little is known about the EBOV nucleoprotein (NP) with regard to host interactions. In the present study, we aimed to elucidate NP-host protein-protein interactions (PPIs). Affinity purification-mass spectrometry (AP-MS) was used to identify candidate NP cellular interactors. Candidate interactors RUVBL1 and RUVBL2, partner proteins belonging to the AAA+ (ATPases Associated with various cellular Activities) superfamily, were confirmed to interact with NP in co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP) and immunofluorescence (IF) experiments. Functional studies using a minigenome system revealed that the siRNA-mediated knockdown of RUVBL1 but not RUVBL2 moderately decreased EBOV minigenome activity. Super resolution structured illumination microscopy (SIM) was used to identify an association between NP and components of the R2TP complex, which includes RUVBL1, RUVBL2, RPAP3, and PIH1D1, suggesting a potential role for the R2TP complex in capsid formation. Moreover, the siRNA-mediated knockdown of RPAP3 and subsequent downregulation of PIH1D1 was shown to have no effect on minigenome activity, further suggesting a role in capsid formation. Overall, we identify RUVBL1 and RUVBL2 as novel interactors of EBOV NP and for the first time report EBOV NP recruitment of the R2TP complex, which may provide novel targets for broad-acting anti-EBOV therapeutics. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ebola; NP; RUVBL1; RUVBL2; R2TP; AAA+ proteins Ebola; NP; RUVBL1; RUVBL2; R2TP; AAA+ proteins
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Morwitzer, M.J.; Tritsch, S.R.; Cazares, L.H.; Ward, M.D.; Nuss, J.E.; Bavari, S.; Reid, S.P. Identification of RUVBL1 and RUVBL2 as Novel Cellular Interactors of the Ebola Virus Nucleoprotein. Viruses 2019, 11, 372.

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