Next Article in Journal
Variation of Traits on Seeds and Germination Derived from the Hybridization between the Sections Tacamahaca and Aigeiros of the Genus Populus
Next Article in Special Issue
25 Years of Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management: How Intergovernmental C&I Processes Have Made a Difference
Previous Article in Journal
Mediterranean Islands Hosting Marginal and Peripheral Forest Tree Populations: The Case of Pinus brutia Ten. in Cyprus
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Forests 2018, 9(9), 515; https://doi.org/10.3390/f9090515

25 Years of Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management: Why Some Intergovernmental C&I Processes Flourished While Others Faded

1
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, 1180 Vienna, Austria
2
Vienna Regional Office of the European Forest Institute at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, 1180 Vienna, Austria
3
FAO Consultant in the NENA Region, Baabda 40010, Lebanon
4
Natural Resources Canada–Canadian Forest Service, Ottawa, ON K1A 0E4, Canada
5
The Center for People and Forests, Kasetsart Post Office, Bangkok 10903, Thailand
6
Permanent Secretariat of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization, Brasília-DF 71615-160, Brazil
7
Tehran Processes Secretariat for Low Forest Cover Countries, Tehran 13111-14968, Iran
8
International Tropical Timber Organization, International Organizations Center, Yokohama 220-0012, Japan
9
National Institute of Agricultural Technology, San Martín de los Andes 8370, Argentina
10
U.S. Forest Service, Research and Development, Washington, DC 20250, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 July 2018 / Revised: 14 August 2018 / Accepted: 22 August 2018 / Published: 25 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Sustainable Forestry)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1284 KB, uploaded 25 August 2018]   |  

Abstract

The use of criteria and indicators (C&I) for data collection, monitoring, assessing and reporting on sustainable forest management (SFM) has been growing since the Earth Summit in 1992, supported by eleven intergovernmental, regional and international forest-related C&I processes. The initial effort led to varying levels of implementation across countries. Several processes never went much beyond the adoption of a first set of C&I while others have made substantial progress. In recent years, interest in C&I for SFM has again increased. In light of the Sustainable Development Goals and emerging global challenges the contribution of C&I to monitor, assess and report on forest conditions and trends is increasingly important. We compare and analyse the structure, activities and progress of the intergovernmental C&I processes. The work is based on document analysis and questionnaires sent to the secretariats of the processes and C&I experts. We found many similarities but also major differences in the structure and content of the C&I sets. The results provide a context for discussing and understanding why some of the C&I processes are successful in their work while others have stalled. Finally, we propose the required ingredients for success for the future activities of the forest-related intergovernmental C&I processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: indicators; criteria; sustainable forest management; sustainable forestry; C&I for SFM processes; regional C&I processes; international C&I processes; intergovernmental C&I process indicators; criteria; sustainable forest management; sustainable forestry; C&I for SFM processes; regional C&I processes; international C&I processes; intergovernmental C&I process
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Linser, S.; Wolfslehner, B.; Asmar, F.; Bridge, S.R.J.; Gritten, D.; Guadalupe, V.; Jafari, M.; Johnson, S.; Laclau, P.; Robertson, G. 25 Years of Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management: Why Some Intergovernmental C&I Processes Flourished While Others Faded. Forests 2018, 9, 515.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top