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Article

Pedunculate and Sessile Mixed Oak Forest Regeneration Process in Lithuania

1
Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding Department, Institute of Forestry, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Liepų str. 1, LT-53101 Girionys, Kaunas District, Lithuania
2
Institute of Forest Biology and Silviculture, Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Studentų str. 11, LT-53361 Akademija, Kaunas District, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2018, 9(8), 459; https://doi.org/10.3390/f9080459
Received: 4 July 2018 / Revised: 20 July 2018 / Accepted: 25 July 2018 / Published: 27 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Forest Ecology and Management)
Pedunculate and sessile oak species are sympatric. These oaks hybridize with one another, and this process influences the development of undergrowth. The purpose of this study was to determine how different oak species influence the forest regeneration process. For this purpose, the forest was divided into eight transects of 300 m and 100 m widths, distinguished into temporary plots of 10 m in diameter covering the whole territory of the forest. The distribution of oak undergrowth was calculated by four oak height groups, determining the composition of the first storey, covering of underbrush and herbaceous plant, and forest site. We determined that the spread of oak differed depending on the first storey tree species and underbrush. Grass cover was the biggest influence on the sessile oak. The impurity of sessile oak in oak stands had a positive impact on the development of undergrowth, since the entire undergrowth develops faster than separate components of the undergrowth. View Full-Text
Keywords: oak hybrid; spread of undergrowth; regeneration system; reforestation process oak hybrid; spread of undergrowth; regeneration system; reforestation process
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jurkšienė, G.; Baliuckas, V. Pedunculate and Sessile Mixed Oak Forest Regeneration Process in Lithuania. Forests 2018, 9, 459. https://doi.org/10.3390/f9080459

AMA Style

Jurkšienė G, Baliuckas V. Pedunculate and Sessile Mixed Oak Forest Regeneration Process in Lithuania. Forests. 2018; 9(8):459. https://doi.org/10.3390/f9080459

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jurkšienė, Girmantė, and Virgilijus Baliuckas. 2018. "Pedunculate and Sessile Mixed Oak Forest Regeneration Process in Lithuania" Forests 9, no. 8: 459. https://doi.org/10.3390/f9080459

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