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Rights to Land, Forests and Carbon in REDD+: Insights from Mexico, Brazil and Costa Rica

Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
School of International Development, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
Murcia, 30011, Spain
Department of Development, Agriculture and Society, Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, Av. Presidente Vargas, 417 - 9o andar, 20071-003 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Universidad Earth, Guácimo de Limón, 442-1000, Costa Rica
Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Jalan CIFOR, Situ Gede, Bogor, 16115, Indonesia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2011, 2(1), 301-342;
Received: 14 November 2010 / Revised: 8 February 2011 / Accepted: 17 February 2011 / Published: 1 March 2011
PDF [357 KB, uploaded 2 March 2011]


Land tenure and carbon rights constitute critical issues to take into account in achieving emission reductions, ensuring transparent benefit sharing and determining non-permanence (or non-compliance) liabilities in the context of REDD+ strategies and projects. This is so because tenure systems influence who becomes involved in efforts to avoid deforestation and improve forest management, and that land tenure, carbon rights and liabilities may be linked or divorced with implications for rural development. This paper explores these issues by looking at tenure regimes and carbon rights issues in Mexico, Brazil and Costa Rica. It is effectively shown that complex bundles of rights over forest resources have distinct implications for REDD+ design and implementation, and that REDD+ strategies in selected countries have to date failed in procedurally addressing land-use conflicts and carbon rights entitlements and liabilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: REDD+; carbon; forests; property rights; Latin America REDD+; carbon; forests; property rights; Latin America
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Corbera, E.; Estrada, M.; May, P.; Navarro, G.; Pacheco, P. Rights to Land, Forests and Carbon in REDD+: Insights from Mexico, Brazil and Costa Rica. Forests 2011, 2, 301-342.

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